Going Green: The Emergence of Bucolic in Augustan Rome

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Going Green: The Emergence of Bucolic in Augustan Rome

APA - Seattle 2013

Appel à contributions
Date limite : 1er février 2012

 

 

Organizers: Jeffrey M. Hunt and Alden Smith, Baylor University

The notion of bucolic as received by the Augustans was variable. Even as a strain of Hellenistic imitators undertook the codification of imagery in Theocritus' bucolic world, more innovative approaches to bucolic continued to evolve throughout the Hellenistic era. In the Augustan period, Virgil adapted the genre to fit his own idiosyncrasies, as is especially apparent in his integration of Theocritean rusticity with contemporary urban issues. The reemergence of the genre and its themes in the Augustan period was challenged and enhanced by other Augustan poets, particularly elegists such as Cornelius Gallus, who figures prominently in Virgil's Eclogues and likely employed rustic settings in his elegiac verse. Virgil's great addition, of course, was to invest the genre's green themes with urban concerns, a theme that emerges in the corpus already in the firstEclogue. The direction that the goatherds travel in E. 9 (in urbem) is further evidence of a new direction for the genre, which now paradoxically moves toward the city.

Such literary representation finds a contemporary parallel also in the representation of the pastoral world in other art forms, such as wall painting, in which the bucolic tradition manifests itself in ways befitting the literary sensibilities of the patrons. Numerous Hellenistic statues of Pan reveal the bucolic influence in the plastic arts. The classic example in wall painting can be seen in the Mysteries frieze in Pompeii. In light of the multiplicity of views on what constituted literary bucolic, one may wonder whether a similar problem of definition exists in other art forms. Further exploration of how closely painted or plastic representations of pastoral vignettes adhere to various literary models (i.e. as representations of shepherds, as erotically charged, etc.) would enrich consideration of this topic.

We call for papers dealing with aspects of how bucolic defies traditional generic limitations, particularly as a precursor to and within the Augustan age. Clearly generic limitations were imposed upon it by Virgil's famous redefinition of bucolic poetry, but the genre reveals a remakable fluidity in the face of any and all constraints. In the art of the period such flexibility may be harder to define in terms of linear development, yet the proliferation of bucolic themes in sculpture and in second through fourth style painting shows that this the notion of bucolic is most certainly in the air. Thus, it is not surprising that bucolic informs the work of such a generically diverse Augustan poet as Horace, or that of the Augustan elegists. Even Ovid in his Metamorphoses reveals its ubiquitous and fluid nature, a development perhaps not so surprising in light of the capacity of this offshoot of epos to adopt and transform the grander language and themes of the Homeric poems.

Papers in this panel may consider any aspect of the influence and limits of bucolic as an Augustan inheritance of the Hellenistic era, including the role of tradition as it is interpreted and adapted by poets who include bucolic features in their poetry. This panel will also consider how bucolic is construed in various forms of art and how multiple understandings of bucolic are integrated into Augustan poetry and culture. Thus, in addition to papers that address literary themes, those that speak to interdisciplinary and transcendent nature of the bucolic genre are also welcome.

Abstracts must be received in the APA office by February 1, 2012. Please send an anonymous abstract as a PDF attachment to Cette adresse email est protégée contre les robots des spammeurs, vous devez activer Javascript pour la voir. , and be sure to provide complete contact information and any AV requests in the body of your email. All submissions will be reviewed anonymously by the panel organizers.

 

 

Source : Site de l'APA

 

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