J. Rüpke, The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean

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Jörg Rüpke (éd.), The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean, Oxford, New York, 2013.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
560 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-967450-3

Even in antiquity, individual religious action was not determined by traditional norms handed down through families and the larger social context, but rather options were open and choices were made. On the part of the individual, this development is reflected in changes in 'individuation', the parallel process of a gradual full integration into society and the development of self-reflection and of a notion of individual identity. These processes are analysed within the Hellenistic and Imperial periods, down to Christian-dominated late antiquity, in both pagan polytheistic as well as Jewish monotheistic settings. The volume focuses on individuation in everyday religious practices in Phoenicia, various Greek cities, and Rome, and as identified in institutional developments and philosophical reflections on the self as exemplified by the Stoic Seneca.

Jörg Rüpke is Fellow in Religious Studies at the Max Weber Centre, University of Erfurt, and Director of the DFG-Research Group 'Religious Individualization in Historical Perspective'. He also an honorary Professor at Aarhus University.


1: Jörg Rüpke: Introduction: Individualization as a concept for historical research
Historical change
2: Corinne Bonnet: Individualization as an historical trend in the religion of Phoenician cities in Hellenistic times
3: John North: Disguising religious change in first-century Rome
4: Clifford Ando: Cities, gods, and empire
Individual and society
5: Fritz Graf: Individual and Common Cult: Epigraphical Reflections
6: Greg Woolf: Ritual and the individual in Roman religion
Experiences and choices
7: Richard Gordon: Religious anthropology of high magical practice in the Empire
8: Johan Leemans: The cult of the saints in Late Antiquity as a privileged locus for religious individualization
Conceptualizing religious experience
9: Katharina Waldner: Dimensions of Individuality in Ancient Mystery Cults: Religious Practice and Philosophical Discourse
10: Nicole Belayche: Individualization and Religious Rhetoric in Imperial Anatolia
11: Ian Henderson: Mark's Gospel and the Pre-History of Individuation
12: Tessa Rajak: Text, Prophesy, and the Individual in Hellenistic Judaism: Texts from Philo and Josephus
13: Jörg Rüpke: Fighting for Difference: Forms and Limits of Religious Individualization in the "Shepherd of Hermas"
14: Karen King: Literature as preparation for martyrdom
Master and Disciple
15: Giulia Sfameni Gasparro: Religio mentis: Hermetic process of individualization
16: Giovanni Filoramo: The Discourse of Revelation as source for the Gnostic process of individualization
Beyond the empirical individual
17: Aldo Setaioli: Cicero and Seneca on the fate of the soul: Private feelings and philosophical doctrines
18: Charlotte Fonrobert: The ritualization of the body in Roman Judaism: Individualization with a difference


Source : Oxford University Press


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