L. Donovan Ginsberg, Staging Memory, Staging Strife. Empire and Civil War in the Octavia

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Lauren Donovan Ginsberg, Staging Memory, Staging Strife. Empire and Civil War in the Octavia, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
248 pages
ISBN : 9780190275952
47,99 £


The turbulent decade of the 60s CE brought Rome to the brink of collapse. It began with Nero's ruthless elimination of Julio-Claudian rivals and ended in his suicide and the civil wars that followed. Suddenly Rome was forced to confront an imperial future as bloody as its Republican past and a ruler from outside the house of Caesar. The anonymous historical drama Octavia is the earliest literary witness to this era of uncertainty and upheaval. In this book, Ginsberg offers a new reading of how the play intervenes in the wars over memory surrounding Nero's fall. Though Augustus and his heirs had claimed that the Principate solved Rome's curse of civil war, the play reimagines early imperial Rome as a landscape of civil strife in which the ruling family waged war both on itself and on its people. In doing so, the Octavia shows how easily empire becomes a breeding ground for the passions of discord.

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N. Coffee, Gift and Gain. How Money Transformed Ancient Rome

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Neil Coffee, Gift and Gain. How Money Transformed Ancient Rome, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
312 pages
ISBN : 9780190496432
47,99 £

The economy of ancient Rome, with its money, complex credit arrangements, and long-range shipping, was surprisingly modern. Yet Romans also exchanged goods and services within a robust system of gifts and favors, which sustained the supportive relationships necessary for survival in the absence of the extensive state and social institutions. In Gift and Gain: How Money Transformed Ancient Rome, Neil Coffee shows how a vibrant commercial culture progressively displaced systems of gift giving over the course of Rome's classical era. The change was propelled the Roman elite, through their engagement in shipping, moneylending, and other enterprises. Members of the same elite, however, remained habituated to traditional gift relationships, relying on them to exercise influence and build their social worlds. They resisted the transformation, through legislation, political movements, and philosophical argument. The result was a recurring clash across the contexts of Roman social and economic life. The book traces the conflict between gift and gain from Rome's prehistory, down through the conflicts of the late Republic, into the early Empire, showing its effects in areas as diverse as politics, government, legal representation, philosophical thought, public morality, personal and civic patronage, marriage, dining, and the Latin language. These investigations show Rome shifting, unevenly but steadily, away from its pre-historic reliance on relationships of mutual aid, and toward to the more formal, commercial, and contractual relations of modernity.

 

Source : Oxford University Press

 

J. C. Martín-Iglesias, El denominado Cronicón de Guillem Mascaró († 1405) y sus continuaciones

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Jose Carlos Martín-Iglesias, El denominado Cronicón de Guillem Mascaró († 1405) y sus continuaciones. Introducción, edición y traducción, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : SEMH-Sorbonne
Collection : Les Livres d'e-Spania. Sources, 8
ISSN : 2109-8972
En ligne : https://e-spanialivres.revues.org/1084


Ce travail fournit l'editio princeps de la Chronique de Guillem Mascaró († 1405), qui jouissait d'un bénéfice à la cathédrale de Barcelone. Cette Chronique, transmise par le manuscrit désigné comme Barcelona, Biblioteca de Cataluña, 485, est rédigée en latin et en catalan. Elle est divisée en deux parties: la première commence par une chronologie du monde depuis Adam jusqu'à Jésus Christ et se termine en 1397 ; la seconde commence en 714 apr. J. C. et se termine en 1398. Le récit est continué par d'autres notices sur les années 1405-1406 et 1452. Parmi les sources du texte, on peut citer les Etymologiae d'Isidore de Séville, la Chronica de Sicard de Crémone, le Speculum historiale de Vincent de Beauvais, la bulle Vox in excelso du pape Clément V et une compilation annalistique de la famille des chroniques Barcinonenses. Cette édition est précédée d'une étude du manuscrit et du contenu de l'œuvre, et suivie d'une traduction du récit historique, accompagnée de notes.

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