S. Destephen, Br. Dumézil et H. Inglebert (éd.), Le prince chrétien de Constantin aux royautés barbares

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Sylvain Destephen, Bruno Dumézil et Hervé Inglebert (éd.), Le prince chrétien de Constantin aux royautés barbares (IVe-VIIIe siècle), Paris, 2018.

Éditeur : Association des Amis du Centre d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance
Collection : Travaux et mémoires 22/2
608 pages
ISBN : 978-2-916716-66-4
90 €

La conversion du monde antique au christianisme ne modifia pas la position centrale du Prince au sein de son État. Loin de remettre en cause les fondements traditionnels du pouvoir, la nouvelle religion offrit des arguments supplémentaires pour légitimer le souverain dans la mesure où il incarnait et appliquait les valeurs du christianisme dans sa vie personnelle comme dans son action publique.
Les élites chrétiennes mirent rapidement au service du pouvoir la rhétorique de la justification divine tant pour exalter le souverain que l'inviter à conformer ses actes à la parole du Christ. Dans la représentation du pouvoir par les contemporains lettrés et dans son autoreprésentation à travers les textes, les monuments et les images, le souverain assuma le modèle mis à sa disposition, quitte à en jouer pour servir les besoin de l'heure.

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R. Moreno Soldevila, A. Marina Castillo et J. Fernández Valverde, A Prosopography to Martial’s Epigrams

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Rosario Moreno Soldevila, Alberto Marina Castillo et Juan Fernández Valverde, A Prosopography to Martial's Epigrams, Berlin, 2019.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
706 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-062135-8
129 €

A Prosopography to Martial's Epigrams is the first dictionary of all the characters and personal names found in the work of Marcus Valerius Martialis, containing nearly 1,000 comprehensive entries. Each of them compiles and analyses all the relevant information regarding the characters themselves, as well as the literary implications of their presence in Martial's poems. Unlike other works of this kind, the book encompasses not only real people, whose positive existence is beyond doubt, but also fictional characters invented by the poet or inherited from the cultural and literary tradition. Its entries provide the passages of the epigrams where the respective characters appear; the general category to which they belong; the full name (in the case of historical characters); onomastic information, especially about frequency, meaning, and etymology; other literary or epigraphical sources; a prosopographical sketch; a discussion of relevant manuscript variants; and a bibliography. Much attention is paid to the literary portrayal of each character and the poetic usages of their names. This reference work is a much needed tool and is intended as a stimulus for further research.

 

Source : De Gruyter

 

L. Cilliers, Roman North Africa. Environment, Society and Medical Contribution

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Louise Cilliers, Roman North Africa. Environment, Society and Medical Contribution, Amsterdam, 2019.

Éditeur : Amsterdam University Press
256 pages
ISBN : 9789462989900
95 €


This book examines the environment and society of North Africa during the late Roman period (fourth and fifth centuries CE) through the writings of Helvius Vindicianus, Theodorus Priscianus, Caelius Aurelianus, and Cassius Felix.
These four medical writers, whose translation into Latin of precious Greek texts has been hailed as "the achievement of the millennium" by one modern scholar, provide a unique opportunity to understand North Africa, the most prosperous region of the Roman World during Late Antiquity. Although focusing on medical knowledge and hygiene, their writings provide fresh insights on the environment, economy, population, language, and health facilities of the region.
This study includes the first full discussion of the exceptional career of the physician Helvius Vindicianus, as well as a valuable reassessment of other writers whose works were read throughout the Middle Ages. It will therefore prove invaluable not only for scholars of Late Antiquity and North Africa, but also for those working on later periods.

 

Source : Amsterdam University Press

 

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