S. Yona, Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire

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Sergio Yona, Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
368 pages
ISBN : 9780198786559
70 £


Over the centuries leading up to their composition many genres and authors have emerged as influences on Horace's Satires, which in turn has led to a wide variety of scholarly interpretations. This study aims to expand the existing dialogue by exploring further the intersection of ancient satire and ethics, focusing on the moral tradition of Epicureanism through the lens of one source in particular: Philodemus of Gadara.
Philodemus was an Epicurean philosopher who wrote for a Roman audience and was one of Horace's contemporaries and neighbours in Italy. His works, which were preserved by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 but have nevertheless not been widely read on account of their fragmentary nature, feature a range of ethical treatises on subjects including patronage, friendship, flattery, frankness, poverty, and wealth. Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire offers a serious consideration of the role of Philodemus' Epicurean teachings in Horace's Satires and argues that the central concerns of the philosopher's work not only lie at the heart of the poet's criticisms of Roman society and its shortcomings, but also lend to the collection a certain coherence and overall unity in its underlying convictions. The result is a ground-breaking study of the deep and pervasive influence of Epicurean ethical philosophy on Horace's Satires, which also reveals something of the poet behind the literary mask or persona by demonstrating the philosophical consistency of his position throughout the two books.


0: Introduction

1: Philosophical Background to Epicureanism in the Satires
Brief Overview of Philosophical Influences
Life and Works of Philodemus
Epicurus: Economics and Patronage
Philodemus: Economics and Patronage
Philodemus, Flattery, and Epicurean Frankness
Epicurus, Philodemus, and Methodology

2: Epicurean Economic and Social Undertones of Satires 1.1-3
Philodemus and the Epicurean Diatribe
Epicurean Economics in Satires 1.1
Epicurean Frankness in Satires 1.1-3

3: Horace's Epicurean Moral Credentials in Satires 1.4 and 1.6
Epicurean Upbringing in Satires 1.4
Horace's Father and Frank Criticism
Epicurean Patronage in Satires 1.6
Epicurean Frankness in Satires 1.6

4: Flattery, Patronage, Wealth, and Epicurean Ethics: Satires 1.9, 2.5, and 2.6
Philodemus and the Toady in Satires 1.9
Consultants, Clients, and Captatores in Satires 2.1 and 2.5
Wealth and Philosophical Withdrawal in Satires 2.6

5: Deficient Wealth, Excessive Frankness: Satires 2.2, 2.3, and 2.7
Unusual Economists in Satires 2.2 and 2.3
Ineffectual Frankness in Satires 2.3 and 2.7



Source : Oxford University Press