K. Lomas, The Rise of Rome: From the Iron Age to the Punic Wars

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Kathryn Lomas, The Rise of Rome: From the Iron Age to the Punic Wars, Cambridge [MA] - Londres, 2018.

Éditeur : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
Collection : History of the Ancient World
432 pages
ISBN : 9780674659650
35 $

 

By the third century BC, the once-modest settlement of Rome had conquered most of Italy and was poised to build an empire throughout the Mediterranean basin. What transformed a humble city into the preeminent power of the region? In The Rise of Rome, the historian and archaeologist Kathryn Lomas reconstructs the diplomatic ploys, political stratagems, and cultural exchanges whereby Rome established itself as a dominant player in a region already brimming with competitors. The Latin world, she argues, was not so much subjugated by Rome as unified by it. This new type of society that emerged from Rome's conquest and unification of Italy would serve as a political model for centuries to come.
Archaic Italy was home to a vast range of ethnic communities, each with its own language and customs. Some such as the Etruscans, and later the Samnites, were major rivals of Rome. From the late Iron Age onward, these groups interacted in increasingly dynamic ways within Italy and beyond, expanding trade and influencing religion, dress, architecture, weaponry, and government throughout the region. Rome manipulated preexisting social and political structures in the conquered territories with great care, extending strategic invitations to citizenship and thereby allowing a degree of local independence while also fostering a sense of imperial belonging.
In the story of Rome's rise, Lomas identifies nascent political structures that unified the empire's diverse populations, and finds the beginnings of Italian peoplehood.


Preface and Acknowledgements
List of Figures and Plates
Abbreviations

Part I: Early Italy and the Foundation of Rome
1. Introducing Early Rome
2. Setting the Scene: Iron-Age Italy
3. Trojans, Latins, Sabines and Rogues: Romulus, Aeneas and the “Foundation” of Rome
4. The Rise of the International Aristocracy: Italy and the Orientalising Revolution
5. Orientalising Rome and the Early Kings
Part II: War, Politics and Society: Rome and Italy, 600–400
6. The Urban Revolution: City and State in Sixth-Century Italy
7. Tyrants and Wicked Women: Rome, the Tarquin Dynasty and the Fall of the Monarchy
8. The “Fifth-Century Crisis” and the Changing Face of Italy
9. A Difficult Transition: The Early Roman Republic
10. Rome on the March: War in Latium and Beyond, 500–350
Part III: The Roman Conquest of Italy
11. The Road to Power: Italy and Rome, 390–342
12. “Whether Samnite or Roman Shall Rule Italy”: The Samnite Wars and the Conquest of Italy
13. Co-operation or Conquest? Alliances, Citizenship and Colonisation
Part IV: From City-State to Italian Dominance
14. The Impact of Conquest: Rome, 340–264
15. Epilogue: Rome, Italy and the Beginnings of Empire in 264
Appendix: Roman Dates and Chronology

Timeline
A Note on Sources
Notes
Further Reading
Guide to Sites, Museums and Online Resources
Bibliography
Index

 

Source : Harvard University Press

 

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