E. Hollmann, Die plautinischen Prologe und ihre Funktion

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Elisabeth Hollmann, Die plautinischen Prologe und ihre Funktion. Zur Konstruktion von Spannung und Komik in den Komödien des Plautus, Berlin-New York, 2016.

Éditeur : De Gruyter

Collection : Göttinger Forum für Altertumswissenschaft
viii, 288 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-047317-9
99,95 €


The Plautine Prologues are the starting point for many of his comedies. Their spokesperson lets the audience into a parallel world, entertains them, creates tension about what is to come, and influences the audience's view far into the play. The book analyses the methods and structures that are called into play and the virtuosity of the variations used to help each comedy achieve its optimal effect.

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St. Frangoulidis, St. J. Harrison et G. Manuwald (éd.), Roman Drama and its Contexts

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Stavros Frangoulidis, Stephen J. Harrison et Gesine Manuwald (éd.), Roman Drama and its Contexts, Berlin-New York, 2016.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
Collection : Trends in Classics
xii, 625 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-045651-6
229 €

Roman plays have been well studied individually (even including fragmentary or spurious ones more recently). However, they have not always been placed into their ‘context', though plays (just like items in other literary genres) benefit from being seen in context. This edited collection aims to address this issue: it includes 33 contributions by an international team of scholars, discussing single plays or Roman dramatic genres (including comedy, tragedy and praetexta, from both the Republican and imperial periods) in contexts such as the literary tradition, the relationship to works in other literary genres, the historical and social situation, the intellectual background or the later reception. Overall, they offer a rich panorama of the role of Roman drama or individual plays in Roman society and literary history. The insights gained thereby will be of relevance to everyone interested in Roman drama or literature more generally, comparative literature or drama and theatre studies. This contextual approach has the potential of changing the way in which Roman drama is viewed.


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H. A. G. Houghton, The Latin New Testament. A Guide to its Early History, Texts, and Manuscripts

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H. A. G. Houghton, The Latin New Testament. A Guide to its Early History, Texts, and Manuscripts, Oxford, 2016.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
400 pages
ISBN : 9780198744733
25 £

Latin is the language in which the New Testament was copied, read, and studied for over a millennium. The remains of the initial 'Old Latin' version preserve important testimony for early forms of text and the way in which the Bible was understood by the first translators. Successive revisions resulted in a standard version subsequently known as the Vulgate which, along with the creation of influential commentaries by scholars such as Jerome and Augustine, shaped theology and exegesis for many centuries. Latin gospel books and other New Testament manuscripts illustrate the continuous tradition of Christian book culture, from the late antique codices of Roman North Africa and Italy to the glorious creations of Northumbrian scriptoria, the pandects of the Carolingian era, eleventh-century Giant Bibles, and the Paris Bibles associated with the rise of the university.
In The Latin New Testament, H.A.G. Houghton provides a comprehensive introduction to the history and development of the Latin New Testament. Drawing on major editions and recent advances in scholarship, he offers a new synthesis which brings together evidence from Christian authors and biblical manuscripts from earliest times to the late Middle Ages. All manuscripts identified as containing Old Latin evidence for the New Testament are described in a catalogue, along with those featured in the two principal modern editions of the Vulgate. A user's guide is provided for these editions and the other key scholarly tools for studying the Latin New Testament.

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A. Garcea, M.-K. Lhommé et D. Vallat (éd.), Fragments d'érudition. Servius et le savoir antique

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Alessandro Garcea, Marie-Karine Lhommé et Daniel Vallat (éd.), Fragments d'érudition. Servius et le savoir antique, Hildesheim, 2016.

Éditeur : Olms
Collection : Spudasmata, 168
535 pages
ISBN : 978-3-487-15433-6
88 €

Les Commentaires de Servius (4e-5e s. de notre ère) sur les œuvres du poète Virgile (70-19 avant J.-C.), ainsi que les ajouts anonymes du Servius Danielis, constituent un maillon essentiel de la transmission du savoir antique jusqu'à nous, sous une forme pourtant fragmentée. Alors que, par définition, un commentaire linéaire n'est pas une monographie ni un ouvrage spécialisé, l'exégèse de Servius a permis la sauvegarde de nombreuses connaissances pointues, disparues par ailleurs, et constitue, en un sens, un bilan des connaissances du monde latin, et, indirectement, du monde grec. Le présent volume propose 26 contributions qui permettent de mesurer l'importance de Servius dans la transmission et la transformation du savoir antique, et qui s'articulent autour de cinq thématiques : Exploitation des sources érudites, Linguistique, Rhétorique et poétique, Histoire, société et religions de Rome et Mythographie.

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N. Horsfall, The Epic Distilled. Studies in the Composition of the Aeneid

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Nicholas Horsfall, The Epic Distilled. Studies in the Composition of the Aeneid, Oxford, 2016.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
176 pages
ISBN : 9780198758877
45 £


The Epic Distilled is a rich exploration of Virgil's use of sources in the Aeneid, considering elements of history, geography, mythology, and ethnography. Building on and developing the research involved in the author's monumental commentaries on the Aeneid, the volume investigates how the poem was written, what Virgil read, and why particular details are interwoven into the narrative.
The volume looks beyond the Aeneid's poetry and plot to focus on the 'matter' of the epic: details of colour, material, arms, clothing, landscape, and physiology. Details which might seem trivial are revealed as carefully deliberate and highly significant. For instance, one Trojan's specifically oriental trousers are suggestive of the Trojans' non-Roman 'otherness' and fit solidly into a complex ethnographic argument.
In this way, the meaning and implications of Virgil's heavily allusive style, including practices and techniques of composition, are unpicked meticulously. Particularly difficult and intricate passages are delved into and the significance of specific details, legends, arcane references, places, names, digressions, and inconsistencies are uncovered. By exposing new layers of illuminating material, The Epic Distilled offers readers a fresh approach to understanding the full intellectual texture of Virgil's epic poem.

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B. Straumann, Crisis and Constitutionalism. Roman Political Thought

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Benjamin Straumann, Crisis and Constitutionalism. Roman Political Thought from the Fall of the Republic to the Age of Revolution, Oxford, 2016.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
432 pages
ISBN : 9780199950928
55 £

Crisis and Constitutionalism argues that the late Roman Republic saw, for the first time in the history of political thought, the development of a normative concept of constitution, the concept of a set of constitutional norms designed to guarantee and achieve certain interests of the individual. Benjamin Straumann first explores how a Roman concept of constitution emerged out of the crisis and fall of the Roman Republic. The increasing use of emergency measures and extraordinary powers in the late Republic provoked Cicero and some of his contemporaries to turn a hitherto implicit, inchoate constitutionalism into explicit constitutional argument and theory. The crisis of the Republic thus brought about a powerful constitutionalism and convinced Cicero to articulate the norms and rights that would provide its substance; this typically Roman constitutional theory is described in the second part of the study. Straumann then discusses the reception of Roman constitutional thought up to the late eighteenth century and the American Founding, which gave rise to a new, constitutional republicanism. This tradition was characterized by a keen interest in the Roman Republics decline and fall, and an insistence on the limits of virtue. The crisis of the Republic was interpreted as a constitutional crisis, and the only remedy to escape the Republic's fate — military despotism — was thought to lie, not in republican virtue, but in Roman constitutionalism. By tracing Roman constitutional thought from antiquity to the modern era, this unique study makes a substantial contribution to our understanding of Roman political thought and its reception.

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S. C. Mimouni et M. Scopello, La mystique théorétique et théurgique dans l'Antiquité gréco-romaine: Judaïsmes et christianismes

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Simon C. Mimouni et Madeleine Scopello (éd.), La mystique théorétique et théurgique dans l'Antiquité gréco-romaine: Judaïsmes et christianismes, Turnhout, 2016.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Judaïsme ancien et origines du christianisme 6
601 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-56188-2

Dans ce volume sont publiés une partie des résultats d'un programme de recherche intitulé «Mystique théorétique et théurgique dans l'Antiquité gréco-romaine» et sous-titré «paganismes, judaïsmes, christianismes»: c'est dire sa diversité, son ouverture et sa portée dans un monde scientifique où le cloisonnement – sans doute rendu inévitable à cause de la variété des sources et concepts – des disciplines et des domaines devient de plus en plus préjudiciable à une perspective globalisante. Ainsi l'objet de ce projet a été de rendre compte non seulement des pratiques mystiques (rituelles ou cultuelles) mais aussi du versant spéculatif ou intellectuel de la mystique tel qu'on le trouve en œuvre, par exemple, dans la philosophie grecque.

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