Publications

F. Garambois, D. Vallat, Le lierre et la statue. La nature et son espace littéraire

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Florence Garambois, Daniel Vallat (éd.), Le lierre et la statue. La nature et son espace littéraire dans l'épigramme gréco-latine tardive, Saint-Étienne, 2013.

Éditeur : Aris & Phillips
Collection : Antiquité. Mémoires du Centre Jean Palerne
314 pages
ISBN : 978-2-86272-639-7
35 €

Le renouveau du genre épigrammatique dans la littérature gréco-latine aux IVe-VIe siècles de notre ère s'effectue dans un monde qui connaît et affronte, à tous les niveaux, y compris ceux de l'éducation et de la culture, des mutations profondes, qui précipiteront la fin de l'Antiquité et l'avènement du Haut Moyen Âge. Dans cette dernière période antique, l'épigramme reste un genre littéraire fondamentalement urbain et sophistiqué, malgré les prémisses du déclin de la civilisation urbaine : le but de cet ouvrage est justement d'analyser comment l'épigramme représente un thème qu'on pourrait considérer comme son « négatif » : la nature. Entre héritage d'une tradition millénaire, réappropriation littéraire et innovations dans de nouvelles conditions historiques, se crée une tension qui, loin de tout épanchement romantique, se résout par une instrumentalisation des éléments naturels par l'épigramme.

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Josh Levithan, Roman Siege Warfare

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Josh Levithan, Roman Siege Warfare, Ann Arbor, 2013.

Éditeur : University of Michigan Press
264 pages
ISBN : 978-0-472-11898-4
70 $

Roman siege warfare had its own structure and customs, and expectations both by the besieged and by the attacking army. Sieges are typically sorted by the techniques and technologies that attackers used, but the more fruitful approach offered in Roman Siege Warfare examines the way a siege follows or diverges from typical narrative and operational plotlines. Author Josh Levithan emphasizes the human elements—morale and motivation—rather than the engineering, and he recaptures the sense of a siege as an event in progress that offers numerous attitudes, methods, and outcomes. Sieges involved a concentration of violent effort in space and the practical challenge posed by a high wall: unlike field battles they were sharply defined in time, in space, and in operational terms.

Chapters examine motivation and behavior during a siege and focus on examples from both the Roman Republic and the Empire: Polybius, Livy, Julius Caesar, Flavius Josephus, and Ammianus Marcellinus. Levithan examines the “gadgetary turn,” during which writers began to lavish attention on artillery and wall-damaging techniques, fetishizing technology and obscuring the centrality of the assault and of human behavior.

This volume speaks to classicists and historians of all stripes. All passages are translated, and references are accessible to nonspecialists. Military historians will also find much of interest in the volume, in its treatment both of Roman military conduct and of wider military practice.
- See more at: http://www.press.umich.edu/4464415/roman_siege_warfare#sthash.YeugAekY.dpuf

 

Source : University of Michigan Press

 

John Nicols, Civic patronage in the Roman Empire

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John Nicols, Civic patronage in the Roman Empire, Leyde, 2014.

Éditeur : Brill
Collection : Mnemosyne, Supplements
xviii, 344 pages
ISBN : 9789004214668
125 $

The Roman Empire may be properly described as a consortium of cities (and not as set of proto national states). From the late Republic and into the Principate, the Roman elite managed the empire through insititutional and personal ties to the communities of the Empire. Especially in the Latin West the emperors encouraged the adoption of the Latin language and urban amenities, and were generous in the award of citizenship. This process, and ‘Romanization' is a reasonable label, was facilitated by civic patronage. The literary evidence provides a basis for understanding this transformation from subject to citizen and for constructing a higher allegiance to the idea of Rome. We gain a more complete understanding of the process by considering the legal and monumental/epigraphical evidence that guided and encouraged such benefaction and exchange. This book uses all three forms of evidence to provide a deeper understanding of how patrocinium publicum served as a formal vehicle for securing the goodwill of the citizens and subjects of Rome.

 

Source : Brill

 

Claude Pouzadoux, Éloge d'un prince daunien : mythes et images en Italie méridionale au IVe siècle av. J.-C.

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Claude Pouzadoux, Éloge d'un prince daunien : mythes et images en Italie méridionale au IVe siècle av. J.-C., Rome, 2013.

Éditeur : Ecole française de Rome
Collection : Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome
xi, 403 pages
ISBN : 9782728309375
77 euros

Quand on peut la replacer dans un contexte archéologique et historique, la céramique italiote constitue un témoignage privilégié sur la formation des peuples de l'Italie ancienne et sur les contacts entre les cultures de la Grande-Grèce à la veille de la conquête romaine. Issue d'un savoir-faire technique introduit par les Grecs, cette production largement diffusée auprès des populations italiques nous informe sur la réception et les usages du mythe. Les vases retrouvés dans un hypogée de Canosa di Puglia, au nord de la région, illustrent de manière exemplaire l'appropriation d'une culture mythologique par les élites dauniennes. Cette société qu'ont permis de mieux connaître les riches découvertes archéologiques de ces dernières décennies reçoit ici un nouvel éclairage à travers l'analyse des images qui ont pu servir de support à l'éloge du défunt. Outre la qualité des décors attribués à l'un des meilleurs représentants de la peinture apulienne, le Peintre de Darius, qui atteste le haut niveau de la commande, le choix et l'agencement des sujets figurés sur ces vases monumentaux suggèrent en effet l'existence d'un programme savamment orchestré. C'est à l'identification du sens des associations thématiques et à la mise en lumière de la structure topique d'un éloge en images qu'est consacré ce livre.

 

Source : Ecole française de Rome

 

Efrossini Spentzou, The Roman poetry of love: elegy and politics in a time of revolution

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Efrossini Spentzou, The Roman poetry of love: elegy and politics in a time of revolution, Londres-New York, 2013.

Éditeur : Bloomsbury Academics
Collection : Classical World
xiv, 107 pages
ISBN : 9781780932040
19,95 $

The Roman Poetry of Love explores the formation of a key literary genre in a troubled historical and political setting. The short-lived genre of Latin love elegy produced spectacular, multi-faceted and often difficult poetry. Its proponents Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius and Ovid remain to this day some of the most influential poetic voices of Western civilisation.

This accessible introduction combines aesthetic analysis with socio-political context to provide a concise but comprehensive portrait of the Roman elegy, its main participants and its cultural and political milieu. Focusing on a series of specific poems, the title portrays the development of the genre in the context of the Emperor Augustus' ascent to power, following recognizable threads through the texts to build an understanding of the relationship between this poetry and the increasingly totalising regime.

Highlighting and examining the intense affectation of love in these poems, The Roman Poetry of Love explores the works not simply as an expression of a troubled male psychology, but also as a reflection of the overwhelming changes that swept through Rome and Italy in the transition from the late Republic to the Augustan Age.

 

Source : Bloomsbury

 

A. Syson, Fama and fiction in Vergil's Aeneid

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Antonia Syson, Fama and fiction in Vergil's Aeneid, Colombus, 2013.

Éditeur : Ohio State University Press
viii, 240 pages
ISBN : 9780814212349
66,95 $

What does it mean to “know” what a work of fiction tells us? In Vergil's Aeneid, the promise and uncertainty of fama convey this challenge. Expansive and flexible, the Latin word fama can mean “fame,” long-lasting “tradition,” and useful “news,” but also ephemeral “rumor” and disruptive “scandal.” Fama is personified as a horrifying winged goddess who reports the truth while keeping an equally tight grip on what's distorted or made up. Fama reflects the ways talk—or epic song—may merge past and present, human and divine, things remembered and things imagined.

Most importantly, fama marks the epic's power to bring its story world into our own. The cognitive dynamics of metaphor share in this power, blending the Aeneid's poetic authority with the imagined force of the gods. Characters and readers are encouraged—even impelled—to seek divine order amidst unsettling words and visions by linking new experiences with existing knowledge. Transformative moments of recognition set the perceptual stage both for the gods' commands and for the epic's persuasive efficacy, for pietas (remembrance of ritual and social obligations) and furor (madness).

Antonia Syson's sensitive close readings offer fresh insights into questions of fictive knowledge and collective memory in the Aeneid. These perspectives invite readers to reconsider some of the epistemological premises underlying inquiry into ancient cultures. Drawing comparisons with the nineteenth-century English novel, Syson highlights continuities between two narrative genres whose cultural contributions and rhetorical claims have often seemed sharply opposed.

 

Source : Ohio State University Press

 

Caroline Vout, Sex on show: seeing the erotic in Greece and Rome

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Caroline Vout, Sex on show: seeing the erotic in Greece and Rome, Berkeley-Los Angeles, 2013.

Éditeur : University of California Press
256 pages
ISBN : 9780520280205
34.95 $

The ancient Greeks and Romans were not shy about sex. Phallic imagery, sex scenes, and the lively activities of their promiscuous gods adorned many objects, buildings, and sculptures. Drinking cups, oil-lamps, and walls were decorated with scenes of seduction; statues of erect penises served as boundary-stones and signposts; and marble satyrs and nymphs grappled in gardens.

Caroline Vout examines the abundance of sexual imagery in Greek and Roman culture. Were these images intended to be shocking, humorous, or exciting? Are they about sex or love? How are we to know whether our responses to them are akin to those of the ancients? The answers to these questions provide fascinating insights into ancient attitudes toward religion, politics, sex, gender, and the body. They also reveal how the ancients saw themselves and their world, and how subsequent centuries have seen them. Beautifully illustrated throughout, this lively and thought-provoking book not only addresses theories of sexual practice and social history, it is also a visual history of what it meant and still means to stare sex in the face.

 

Source : University of California Press

 


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