R. Ferri et A. Zago (éd.), The Latin of the Grammarians

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Rolando Ferri et Anna Zago (éd.), The Latin of the Grammarians. Reflections about Language in the Roman World, Turnhout, 2016.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Corpus Christianorum. Lingua Patrum 8
453 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-56627-6

What can Roman grammarians tell us about their language from a modern linguistic perspective? This book brings together scholars interested in Roman grammarians from a variety of areas, from manuscript research to modern sociolinguistics and the history of Latin. Their combined effort tries to elicit a wide-ranging, comparative picture of cutting edge research on Roman grammar, with special focus on the Roman grammarians' perception of linguistic change in Latin, sociopragmatic variation, and linguistic interference from Greek. Grammarians were not simply transmitters of rules: they also spoke the language of their times and were alert to social and pragmatic variations of usage, and at the same time reflected the formation of new Latin standards different from the language of the syllabus authors (Pompeius, Consentius, Medieval authors of artes grammaticae).

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L. Fulkerson et T. Stover (éd.), Repeat Performances Ovidian Repetition and the Metamorphoses

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Laurel Fulkerson et Tim Stover (éd.), Repeat Performances Ovidian Repetition and the Metamorphoses, Madison, 2016.

Éditeur : University of Wisconsin Press
Collection : Wisconsin Studies in Classics
280 pages
ISBN : 978-0-299-30750-9
75 $

Although repetition is found in all ancient literary genres, it is especially pervasive in epic poetry. Ovid's Metamorphoses exploits this dimension of the epic genre to such an extent that past critics have faulted it as too filled with recycled themes and language. This volume seeks a deeper understanding of Ovidian repetitiveness in the context of new scholarship on intertextuality and intratextuality, examining the urposeful reuse of previous material and the effects produced by a text's repetitive gestures.
Uniting the essays is a shared vision of the possibilities of Latin epic poetry and a series of attempts to realize those possibilities. Some of the pieces fall into a traditional vein of allusion and intertextuality; others are more innovative in their approaches. Each, in a sense, stands as a placeholder for a methodology of theorizing the repetitive practices of poetry, of epic, and of Ovid in particular. All citations from Greek and Latin are translated into English, rendering the book accessible to scholars of literature beyond classical studies.

Source : University of Wisconsin Press


T. S. Berzon, Classifying Christians

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Todd S. Berzon, Classifying Christians. Ethnography, Heresiology, and the Limits of Knowledge in Late Antiquity, Oakland, 2016.

Éditeur : University of California Press
95 $
ISBN : 9780520284265
320 pages

Classifying Christians investigates late antique Christian heresiologies as ethnographies that catalogued and detailed the origins, rituals, doctrines, and customs of the heretics in explicitly polemical and theological terms. Oscillating between ancient ethnographic evidence and contemporary ethnographic writing, Todd S. Berzon argues that late antique heresiology shares an underlying logic with classical ethnography in the ancient Mediterranean world. By providing an account of heresiological writing from the second to fifth century, Classifying Christians embeds heresiology within the historical development of imperial forms of knowledge that have shaped western culture from antiquity to the present.


Source : University of California Press


C. Damon, Caesar. Civil War

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Cynthia Damon (éd.), Caesar. Civil War, Cambridge [MA]-Londres, 2016.

Éditeur : Harvard University Press
Collection : Loeb Classical Library
450 pages
ISBN : 9780674997035
26 $


Caesar (C. Iulius, 102–44 BC), statesman and soldier, defied the dictator Sulla; served in the Mithridatic wars and in Spain; entered Roman politics as a “democrat” against the senatorial government; was the real leader of the coalition with Pompey and Crassus; conquered all Gaul for Rome; attacked Britain twice; was forced into civil war; became master of the Roman world; and achieved wide-reaching reforms until his murder. We have his books of commentarii (notes): eight on his wars in Gaul from 58–52 BC, including the two expeditions to Britain in 55–54, and three on the civil war of 49–48. They are records of his own campaigns (with occasional digressions) in vigorous, direct, clear, unemotional style and in the third person, the account of the civil war being somewhat more impassioned.

This edition of the Civil War replaces the earlier Loeb Classical Library edition by A. G. Peskett (1914) with new text, translation, introduction, and bibliography. In the Loeb Classical Library edition of Caesar, Volume I is his Gallic War; Volume III consists of Alexandrian War, African War, and Spanish War, commonly ascribed to Caesar by our manuscripts but of uncertain authorship.

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J. Haldon, The Empire That Would Not Die. The Paradox of Eastern Roman Survival, 640–740

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John Haldon, The Empire That Would Not Die. The Paradox of Eastern Roman Survival, 640–740, Cambridge [MA], 2016.

Éditeur : Harvard University Press
Collection : Carl Newell Jackson Lectures
432 pages
ISBN : 9780674088771
45 $

The eastern Roman Empire was the largest state in western Eurasia in the sixth century. Only a century later, it was a fraction of its former size. Surrounded by enemies, ravaged by warfare and disease, the empire seemed destined to collapse. Yet it did not die. In this holistic analysis, John Haldon elucidates the factors that allowed the eastern Roman Empire to survive against all odds into the eighth century.

By 700 CE the empire had lost three-quarters of its territory to the Islamic caliphate. But the rugged geography of its remaining territories in Anatolia and the Aegean was strategically advantageous, preventing enemies from permanently occupying imperial towns and cities while leaving them vulnerable to Roman counterattacks. The more the empire shrank, the more it became centered around the capital of Constantinople, whose ability to withstand siege after siege proved decisive. Changes in climate also played a role, permitting shifts in agricultural production that benefitted the imperial economy.

At the same time, the crisis confronting the empire forced the imperial court, the provincial ruling classes, and the church closer together. State and church together embodied a sacralized empire that held the emperor, not the patriarch, as Christendom's symbolic head. Despite its territorial losses, the empire suffered no serious political rupture. What remained became the heartland of a medieval Christian Roman state, with a powerful political theology that predicted the emperor would eventually prevail against God's enemies and establish Orthodox Christianity's world dominion.


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Grégoire de Tours, La Vie des Pères

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Grégoire de Tours, La Vie des Pères. Texte revu et traduit par Luce Pietri, Paris, 2016.

Éditeur : Les Belles Lettres
Collection : Classiques de l'histoire au Moyen Âge
LII - 360 pages
ISBN : 978-2-251-34306-8
45 €

Dans ce recueil de vingt biographies, figurent vingt-trois « Pères » – évêques, abbés, moines ainsi qu'une moniale – choisis par Grégoire de Tours pour avoir, par leur ascèse et leur charité, mené en Gaule, entre le ive et le vie siècle, une même « vie » consacrée à Dieu. Chacune de ces biographies nous introduit dans une cité du territoire gaulois qui, demeurée dans l'Antiquité Tardive le cadre familial et social de l'existence quotidienne des habitants, s'identifie désormais à la communauté ecclésiale locale, sous la protection d'un ou de plusieurs patrons célestes. Avec ces épisodes, l'auteur révèle son talent de conteur habile à tenir en haleine ses lecteurs par tous les ressorts de la narration. En s'efforçant de retenir ainsi leur attention, l'évêque de Tours souhaite oeuvrer au salut des fidèles auxquels s'adresse son message : les Pères sont des modèles qu'ils doivent s'efforcer d'imiter, mais aussi de puissants intercesseurs auprès de Dieu qui, par leur entremise, opère des miracles salvateurs.

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John Owen, Épigrammes

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John Owen, Épigrammes.Édition, introduction, traduction et notes par Sylvain Durand, Paris, 2016.

Éditeur : Les Belles Lettres
Collection : Classiques de l'humanisme
CCCXLIV-1061 pages
ISBN : 978-2-251-80131-5
95 €

Il est difficile d'imaginer aujourd'hui la vogue dont jouirent pendant plusieurs siècles les Epigrammes de John Owen (1564-1622), qui en leur temps firent saluer leur auteur comme le « Martial anglais », le « second Martial », « Martial ressuscité ». Plus exclusivement intellectuel que son modèle latin, Owen n'eut jamais sa richesse de dons, ni son puissant réalisme, ni inversement sa grâce et sa tendresse, ni ses raffinements d'artiste. Mais dans le domaine volontairement restreint de la satire morale et dans le cadre étroit du distique, son instrument privilégié, il porte l'épigramme à un point d'achèvement qui ne devait plus être égalé : jamais l'épigramme n'a été aussi proche de la maxime au sens que lui donnera bientôt notre La Rochefoucauld et avec laquelle elle partage le brillant et l'étincelante netteté.

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