A. Goldsworthy, Pax Romana: War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World

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Adrian Goldsworthy, Pax Romana: War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World, New Haven, 2016.

Éditeur : Yale University Press
ISBN : 9780300178821
32,50 $

A groundbreaking and comprehensive history of the Roman Peace from one of the leading historians of the ancient world Best-selling author Adrian Goldsworthy turns his attention to the Pax Romana, the famous peace and prosperity brought by the Roman Empire at its height in the first and second centuries AD. Yet the Romans were conquerors, imperialists who took by force a vast empire stretching from the Euphrates to the Atlantic coast. Ruthless, Romans won peace not through coexistence but through dominance; millions died and were enslaved during the creation of their empire. Pax Romana examines how the Romans came to control so much of the world and asks whether traditionally favorable images of the Roman peace are true. Goldsworthy vividly recounts the rebellions of the conquered, examining why they broke out, why most failed, and how they became exceedingly rare. He reveals that hostility was just one reaction to the arrival of Rome and that from the outset, conquered peoples collaborated, formed alliances, and joined invaders, causing resistance movements to fade away.

Source : Yale University Press


C. H. Lange, Triumphs in the Age of Civil War

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Carsten Hjort Lange, Triumphs in the Age of Civil War. The Late Republic and the Adaptability of Triumphal Tradition, Londres-New York, 2016.

Éditeur : Bloomsbury Academic
Collection : Bloomsbury classical studies monographs
xiv, 333 pages
ISBN : 9781474267854
106.99 $

Many of the wars of the Late Republic were largely civil conflicts. There was, therefore, a tension between the traditional expectation that triumphs should be celebrated for victories over foreign enemies and the need of the great commanders to give full expression to their prestige and charisma, and to legitimize their power.
Triumphs in the Age of Civil War rethinks the nature and the character of the phenomenon of civil war during the Late Republic. At the same time it focuses on a key feature of the Roman socio-political order, the triumph, and argues that a commander could in practice expect to triumph after a civil war victory if it could also be represented as being over a foreign enemy, even if the principal opponent was clearly Roman. Significantly, the civil aspect of the war did not have to be denied.

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K. Raaflaub (éd.), Peace in the Ancient World: Concepts and Theories

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Kurt Raaflaub (éd.), Peace in the Ancient World: Concepts and Theories, Oxford, Chichester, Malden [MA], 2016.

Éditeur : Blackwell
200 pages
ISBN : 978-1-118-64512-3
55 £

Peace in the Ancient World: Concepts and Theories conducts a comparative investigation of why certain ancient societies produced explicit concepts and theories of peace and others did not.
Explores the idea that concepts of peace in antiquity occurred only in periods that experienced exceptional rates of warfare
Utilizes case studies of civilizations in China, India, Egypt, and Greece
Complements the 2007 volume War and Peace in the Ancient World, drawing on ideas from that work and providing a more comprehensive examination.

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E. Sanders et M. Johncock (éd.), Emotion and Persuasion in Classical Antiquity

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Ed Sanders et Matthew Johncock (éd.), Emotion and Persuasion in Classical Antiquity, Stuttgart, 2016.

Éditeur : Franz Steiner Verlag
321 pages
ISBN : 978-3-515-11361-8
56 €

Appeal to emotion is a key technique of persuasion, ranked by Aristotle alongside logical reasoning and arguments from character. Although ancient philosophical discussions of it have been much researched, exploration of its practical use has focused largely on explicit appeals to a handful of emotions (anger, hatred, envy, pity) in 5th–4th century BCE Athenian courtroom oratory. This volume expands horizons: from an opening section focusing on so-far underexplored emotions and sub-genres of oratory in Classical Athens, its scope moves outwards generically, geographically, and chronologically through the "Greek East" to Rome.
Key thematic links are: the role of emotion in the formation of community identity; persuasive strategies in situations of unequal power; and linguistic formulae and genre-specific emotional persuasion. Other recurring themes include performance (rather than arousal) of emotions, the choice between emotional and rational argumentation, the emotions of gods, and a concern with a secondary "audience": the reader.

Source : Franz Steiner Verlag


H. Wendt, At the Temple Gates. The Religion of Freelance Experts in the Roman Empire

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Heidi Wendt, At the Temple Gates. The Religion of Freelance Experts in the Roman Empire, Oxford, 2016.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
280 pages
ISBN : 9780190267148
47,99 £


In his sixth satire, Juvenal deplores the pastimes of Roman women, foremost of which is superstition. Speculating about how wives busy themselves while their husbands are away, the poet introduces a revolving door of visitors who include a eunuch of the eastern goddess Bellona, an impersonator of Egyptian Anubis, a Judean priestess, and Chaldean astrologers. From these religious experts women solicit services ranging from dream interpretation and purification to the coercion of lovers or wealthy acquaintances. Juvenal's catalogue captures not only the popularity of these "freelance" experts at the turn of the second century, but also their familiarity among his Roman audiences, whom he could expect to get the joke.
Heidi Wendt investigates the backdrop of this enthusiasm for exotic wisdom and practices by examining the rise of self-authorized experts in religion during the first century of the Roman Empire. Unlike members of civic priesthoods and temples, freelance experts had to generate their own legitimacy, often through demonstrations of skill and learning out on the streets, in marketplaces, and at the temple gates. While historically these professionals have been studied separately from the development of modern conceptions of religion, Wendt argues that they, too, participated in a highly competitive form of religious activity from which emerged the modern-day characters not just of religious experts but specialists of philosophy, medicine, and education as well. Wendt notes affinities across this wider class of activity, but focuses on those experts who directly enlisted gods and similar beings. Over the course of the first century freelance experts grew increasingly influential, more diverse with respect to the skills or methods in which they claimed expertise, and more assorted in the ethnic coding of their wisdom and practices. Wendt argues that this class of religious activity engendered many of the innovative forms of religion that flourished in the second century, including but not limited to phenomena linked with Persian Mithras, the Egyptian gods, and the Judean Christ.
The evidence for self-authorized experts in religion is abundant, but scholars of ancient Mediterranean religion have only recently begun to appreciate their impact on the Empire's changing religious landscape. At the Temple Gates integrates studies of Judaism, Christianity, mystery cults, astrology, magic, and philosophy to paint a colorful portrait of religious expertise in early Rome.

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A. Christol, Le latin des cuisiniers

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Alain Christol, Le latin des cuisiniers. L'alimentation végétale (Étude lexicale), Paris, 2016.

Éditeur : Presses Universitaires de Paris-Sorbonne
Collection : Lingua Latina
424 pages
ISBN : 979-­10-­231-­0526‐1
26 €

Le latin des cuisiniers est consacré au lexique latin de la cuisine, tel qu'on peut le reconstruire à partir de deux recueils de recettes, transmis sous le nom d'Apicius, un célèbre « gastronome » de l'époque d'Auguste, mais qui lui sont largement postérieurs (IVe et VIIe siècles) et sont rédigés dans une langue qui s'écarte de la norme classique.
L'ouvrage part des mots et tente de préciser leur place dans ce lexique technique, c'est-­à-­dire leur fréquence, les formes concurrentes et les associations sémantiques privilégiées. Il propose pour chaque citation le texte latin et une traduction française, afin que le lecteur puisse évaluer par lui-­même ce qu'elle apporte au thème traité.

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A.-I. Bouton-Touboulic et C. Lévy (éd.), Scepticisme et religion

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Anne-Isabelle Bouton-Touboulic et Carlos Lévy (éd.), Scepticisme et religion. Constantes et évolutions, de la philosophie hellénistique à la philosophie, Turnhout, 2016.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Monothéismes et Philosophie, 21
300 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-56545-3
80 €

Le scepticisme, dans le langage commun actuel, est considéré comme l'opposé de la religion. Mais l'opposition entre foi et scepticisme n'est que le produit paradoxal d'une histoire où scepticisme et religion sont dans une relation diachronique longue et forte. La richesse de cette relation a été mise en évidence pour certaines périodes, comme le 16e et le 17e siècles, par les travaux de R. Popkin, et par les travaux portant sur Montaigne et le « libertinage ». En revanche, la question a été beaucoup moins approfondie pour l'Antiquité et le Moyen Age, et il n'a jamais été tenté véritablement d'examiner si la relation entre ces deux éléments peut être analysée comme un continuum structurel ou comme des connivences ponctuelles dans l'histoire de la philosophie. Les contributions réunies dans ce volume, qui vont de la philosophie hellénistique à la philosophie médiévale, visent donc à repenser sans préjugé la totalité du problème, avec l'espoir d'aboutir à une représentation nouvelle du lien ou de l'absence de lien entre ces deux éléments fondamentaux de la pensée occidentale.

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