K. Ludwig, Charakterfokalisation bei Lucan. Eine narratologische Analyse

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Kathrin Ludwig, Charakterfokalisation bei Lucan. Eine narratologische Analyse, Berlin, Boston, 2014.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
Collection : Göttinger Forum für Altertumswissenschaft. Beihefte N.F. 6
ix, 304 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-033641-2
109,95 €


In recent years, the methods of modern narrative theory have become essential tools for researching ancient texts. This work analyzes figural perspectives in the Civil War epic Pharsalia by the Roman poet Lucan (39-65 AD), and describes their function in communicating the overall message of the text. The author demonstrates unique elements in Lucan's figural perspective through a comparison with Virgil's Aeneid.

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G. Hawes, Rationalizing Myth in Antiquity

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Greta Hawes, Rationalizing Myth in Antiquity, Oxford, New York, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
304 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-967277-6

The Greek myths are characteristically fabulous; they are full of monsters, metamorphoses, and the supernatural. However, they could be told in other ways as well. This volume charts ancient dissatisfaction with the excesses of myth, and the various attempts to cut these stories down to size by explaining them as misunderstood accounts of actual events. In the hands of ancient rationalizers, the hybrid forms of the Centaurs become early horse-riders, seen from a distance; the Minotaur the result of an illicit liaison, not an inter-species love affair; and Cerberus, nothing more than a notorious snake with a lethal bite. Such approaches form an indigenous mode of ancient myth criticism, and show Greeks grappling with the value and utility of their own narrative traditions. Rationalizing interpretations offer an insight into the practical difficulties inherent in distinguishing myth from history in ancient Greece, and indeed the fragmented nature of myth itself as a conceptual entity.

By focusing on six Greek authors (Palaephatus, Heraclitus, Excerpta Vaticana, Conon, Plutarch, and Pausanias) and tracing the development of rationalistic interpretation from the fourth century BC to the Second Sophistic (1st-2nd centuries AD) and beyond, Rationalizing Myth in Antiquity shows that, far from being marginalized as it has been in the past, rationalization should be understood as a fundamental component of the pluralistic and shifting network of Greek myth as it was experienced in antiquity.

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J. Vons, S. Velut, La Fabrique de Vésale et autres textes

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Jacqueline Vons, Stéphane Velut, La Fabrique de Vésale et autres textes, 2014.

Éditeur : BIU Santé - Paris Descartes
Éditions, transcriptions et traductions par Jacqueline Vons et Stéphane Velut

La première édition et traduction en français du De humani corporis fabrica et des textes liminaires des autres ouvrages de Vésale, réalisée par Jacqueline Vons et Stéphane Velut.

Sont d'ores et déjà en ligne les textes liminaires et l'intégralité du Livre I du De humani corporis fabrica (1543), les textes liminaires de la Paraphrasis (1537), avec introductions (en français et en anglais), transcriptions, traductions et commentaires.

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Source : CESR - Tours


D. Bloch, S. Ebbesen, J. Leth Fink, H. Hansen, A. M. Mora-Márquez, History of Philosophy in Reverse

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David Bloch, Sten Ebbesen, Jakob Leth Fink, Heine Hansen og Ana Maria Mora-Márquez, History of Philosophy in Reverse. Reading Aristotle through the Lenses of Scholars from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Centuries, Copenhagen, 2014.

Éditeur : Publications of the Centre for the Aristotelian Tradition / Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters
Collection : Scientia Danica. Series H, Humanistica, 8 / vol. 7
220 pages
ISBN : 9788773043790
250 kr.

Aristoteles' (384-322 f.Kr.) mange filosofisk-videnskabelige værker er blevet studeret og kommenteret i over 2.000 år, men aldrig så intensivt som i tiden mellem 1100 og 1600, hvor de var rygraden i den såkaldt ”skolastiske” lærdomskultur, der skabte det europæiske universitetssystem. Der forskes stadig i Aristoteles verden over, men moderne fortolkere drager kun sjældent nytte af den rige ældre tradition.

Denne bog beskriver og sammenligner fortolkningsmetoder og publikationsstrategier hos skolastikerne og nutidens aristotelikere. Der argumenteres for, at dele af den gamle metodik med fordel kunne genoptages, og det vises, at der i konkrete tilfælde kan findes værdifulde fortolkningsforslag, som ikke ses i den nyere litteratur.

Bogens titel rummer et program. Når forskere i dag behandler skolastikernes Aristoteles-fortolkning, tager de typisk udgangspunkt i deres egen mening om, hvad Aristoteles egentlig mente. Den opfattelse bruger de så til at belyse skolastikernes forståelse af sagen. I stedet for denne bevægelse fra Aristoteles og fremad i kronologien argumenterer bogen for, at man skal bakke: starte med at forstå de skolastiske fortolkere for så at gå tilbage til Aristoteles og prøve at læse ham med deres briller.

Source : Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters


U. Dietsche, Strategie und Philosophie bei Seneca

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Uwe Dietsche, Strategie und Philosophie bei Seneca. Untersuchungen zur therapeutischen Technik in den "Epistulae morales", Berlin, Boston, 2014.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
Collection : Beiträge zur Altertumskunde 329
ix, 298 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-034904-7
109,95 €

How seriously are we to take Seneca's philosophizing in the Epistulae morales? Much of their content seems inconsistent and designed for mere effect. This study reveals how Seneca's choice of words and intellectual acuity are subordinated to the pedagogical aim of gradual persuasion. It becomes apparent that Seneca's formulation is tactical and that his statements must be interpreted in terms of their specific psychological intent.

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J. N. Bremmer, Initiation into the Mysteries of the Ancient World

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Jan N. Bremmer, Initiation into the Mysteries of the Ancient World, Berlin, Boston, 2014.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
Collection : Münchner Vorlesungen zu Antiken Welten
vi, 256 pages
ISBN : 978-3-11-029929-8
59,95 €

The ancient Mysteries have long attracted the interest of scholars, an interest that goes back at least to the time of the Reformation. After a period of interest around the turn of the twentieth century, recent decades have seen an important study of Walter Burkert (1987). Yet his thematic approach makes it hard to see how the actual initiation into the Mysteries took place. To do precisely that is the aim of this book.

It gives a ‘thick description' of the major Mysteries, not only of the famous Eleusinian Mysteries, but also those located at the interface of Greece and Anatolia: the Mysteries of Samothrace, Imbros and Lemnos as well as those of the Corybants. It then proceeds to look at the Orphic-Bacchic Mysteries, which have become increasingly better understood due to the many discoveries of new texts in the recent times. Having looked at classical Greece we move on to the Roman Empire, where we study not only the lesser Mysteries, which we know especially from Pausanias, but also the new ones of Isis and Mithras. We conclude our book with a discussion of the possible influence of the Mysteries on emerging Christianity.

Its detailed references and up-to-date bibliography will make this book indispensable for any scholar interested in the Mysteries and ancient religion, but also for those scholars who work on initiation or esoteric rituals, which were often inspired by the ancient Mysteries.

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D. Borbonus, Columbarium Tombs and Collective Identity in Augustan Rome

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Dorian Borbonus, Columbarium Tombs and Collective Identity in Augustan Rome, Cambridge, New York, 2014.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
306 pages
ISBN : 9781107031401

Columbarium tombs are among the most recognizable forms of Roman architecture and also among the most enigmatic. The subterranean collective burial chambers have repeatedly sparked the imagination of modern commentators, but their origins and function remain obscure. Columbarium Tombs and Collective Identity in Augustan Rome situates columbaria within the development of Roman funerary architecture and the historical context of the early Imperial period. Contrary to earlier scholarship that often interprets columbaria primarily as economic burial solutions, Dorian Borbonus shows that they defined a community of people who were buried and commemorated collectively. Many of the tomb occupants were slaves and freed slaves, for whom collective burial was one strategy of community building that counterbalanced their exclusion in Roman society. Columbarium tombs were thus sites of social interaction that provided their occupants with a group identity that, this book shows, was especially relevant during the social and cultural transformation of the Augustan era.

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