R. Woolf, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic

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Raphael Woolf, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic, Londres-New York, 2015.

Éditeur : Routledge
260 pages
ISBN : 978-1-84465-841-1
49,95 $ (paperback)

Cicero's philosophical works introduced Latin audiences to the ideas of the Stoics, Epicureans and other schools and figures of the post-Aristotelian period, thus influencing the transmission of those ideas through later history. While Cicero's value as documentary evidence for the Hellenistic schools is unquestioned, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic explores his writings as works of philosophy that do more than simply synthesize the thought of others, but instead offer a unique viewpoint of their own. In this volume Raphael Woolf describes and evaluates Cicero's philosophical achievements, paying particular attention to his relation to those philosophers he draws upon in his works, his Romanizing of Greek philosophy, and his own sceptical and dialectical outlook. The volume aims, using the best tools of philosophical, philological and historical analysis, to do Cicero justice as a distinctive philosophical voice.

Situating Cicero's work in its historical and political context, this volume provides a detailed analysis of the thought of one of the finest orators and writers of the Roman period. Written in an accessible and engaging style, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic is a key resource for those interested in Cicero's role in shaping Classical philosophy.


Source : Routledge


Donatien De Bruyne, Summaries, Divisions and Rubrics of the Latin Bible

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Donatien De Bruyne, Summaries, Divisions and Rubrics of the Latin Bible, Turnhout, 2015.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Studia Traditionis Theologiae. Explorations in Early and Medieval Theology
xxxviii + 602 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-55533-1
75 € HT

Dom Donation De Bruyne's work of a century ago has been all but unobtainable since it was first published quasi-anonymously just before the outbreak of the Great War. Originally conceived as an instrumentum laboris to the great Benedictine project to produce a critical edition of the Vulgate, it now has a new life as a unique collection of the division systems that were used with the biblical books before the twelfth century. These constitute a primary interpretation of the text, anterior to, and more pervasive in influence than any work of formal biblical exegesis.

This collection makes available the raw material for a new chapter in the study of the Latin bible and the study of its reception in the later patristic and medieval periods. Moreover, it may usher in a new chapter in the history of biblical exegesis.

Donatien De Bruyne (1871-1935), a monk of the abbey of Maredsous (Belgium), worked from 1907 onward as a member of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Vulgate. Visiting the European libraries he collected a great amount of material for the critical edition of the Vulgate, with a special attention to the Old Latin and also to 'parabiblical' texts such as summaries, divisions, and prefaces, a care uncommon at that time. His expertise in Latin palaeography and patristics was broadly recognised.

Source : Brepols


Alban Baudou, Séverine Clément-Tarantino, À l'école de Virgile

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Alban Baudou, Séverine Clément-Tarantino (dir.), À l'école de Virgile, Villeneuve d'Ascq, 2015.

Éditeur : Presses Universitaires du Septentrion
Collection : Mythographes
480 pages
ISBN : 978-2-7574-0881-0
32 €

Les lettrés du Moyen Âge ont trouvé dans le commentaire de Servius à Virgile une ample matière mythographique et une méthode de lecture active, pouvant nourrir l'interprétation des poètes antiques et l'invention de nouvelles fictions. Jusqu'à la fin de la Renaissance les éditions de l'Énéide n'étaient pas séparées de ces gloses, dont nous publions ici le premier livre, traduit intégralement pour la première fois en français.
Plutôt que d'isoler ce qui relèverait plus spécifiquement de la mythographie, nous avons voulu permettre au lecteur d'aujourd'hui, peu familiarisé avec les anciens grammairiens, d'en apprécier la foisonnante multiplicité d'approches. Expliquer la complexité des formules poétiques, comme le fait Servius, n'est pas seulement faire œuvre d'éducateur, c'est un geste herméneutique qui révèle la richesse polysémique des mythes et des fictions. Les anciens qui apprenaient à lire dans Virgile trouvaient dans les mythes une initiation à toutes les sciences, et leur pratique de l'interprétation était assez ouverte pour laisser libre cours à l'imagination. C'est le poète à l'œuvre que révèle la lecture de Servius, dans sa manière de donner sens aux choses par les mots. L'ensemble des gloses antiques et médiévales transmises depuis le IVe siècle sous le nom de Servius fait partie du patrimoine culturel européen, pour avoir exercé des générations de lecteurs à relier culture lettrée, connaissance de la nature et sciences de l'homme.

Source : Presses universitaires du Septentrion


O. Herkster, Emperors and Ancestors Roman Rulers and the Constraints of Tradition

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Olivier Herkster, Emperors and Ancestors Roman Rulers and the Constraints of Tradition, Oxford, 2015.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
432 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-873682-0
80 £

Ancestry played a continuous role in the construction and portrayal of Roman emperorship in the first three centuries AD. Emperors and Ancestors is the first systematic analysis of the different ways in which imperial lineage was represented in the various 'media' through which images of emperors could be transmitted. Looking beyond individual rulers, Hekster evaluates evidence over an extended period of time and differentiates between various types of sources, such as inscriptions, sculpture, architecture, literary text, and particularly central coinage, which forms the most convenient source material for a modern reconstruction of Roman representations over a prolonged period of time.

The volume explores how the different media in use sent out different messages. The importance of local notions and traditions in the choice of local representations of imperial ancestry are emphasized, revealing that there was no monopoly on image-forming by the Roman centre and far less interaction between central and local imagery than is commonly held. Imperial ancestry is defined through various parallel developments at Rome and in the provinces. Some messages resonated outside the centre but only when they were made explicit and fitted local practice and the discourse of the medium. The construction of imperial ancestry was constrained by the local expectations of how a ruler should present himself, and standardization over time of the images and languages that could be employed in the 'media' at imperial disposal. Roman emperorship is therefore shown to be a constant process of construction within genres of communication, representation, and public symbolism.


Source : Oxford University Press


Cr. Kallendorf, The Protean Virgil Material Form and the Reception of the Classics

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Craig Kallendorf, The Protean Virgil Material Form and the Reception of the Classics, Oxford, 2015.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
224 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-872780-4
55 £

The Protean Virgil argues that when we try to understand how and why different readers have responded differently to the same text over time, we should take into account the physical form in which they read the text as well as the text itself. Using Virgil's poetry as a case study in book history, the volume shows that a succession of material forms - manuscript, printed book, illustrated edition, and computer file - undermines the drive toward textual and interpretive stability. This stability is the traditional goal of classical scholarship, which seeks to recover what Virgil wrote and how he intended it to be understood.

The manuscript form served to embed Virgil's poetry into Christian culture, which attempted to anchor the content into a compatible theological truth. Readers of early printed material proceeded differently, breaking Virgil's text into memorable moral and stylistic fragments, and collecting those fragments into commonplace books. Furthermore, early illustrated editions present a progression of re-envisionings in which Virgil's poetry was situated within a succession of receiving cultures. In each case, however, the material form helped to generate a method of reading Virgil which worked with this form but which failed to survive the transition to a new union of the textual and the physical. This form-induced instability reaches its climax with computerization, which allows the reader new power to edit the text and to challenge the traditional association of Virgil's poetry with elite culture.


Source : Oxford University Press


C. Keane, Juvenal and the Satiric Emotions

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Catherine Keane, Juvenal and the Satiric Emotions, Oxford, 2015.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
264 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-998189-2
47,99 £

In his sixteen verse Satires, Juvenal explores the emotional provocations and pleasures associated with social criticism and mockery. He makes use of traditional generic elements such as the first-person speaker, moral diatribe, narrative, and literary allusion to create this new satiric preoccupation and theme. Juvenal defines the satirist figure as an emotional agent who dramatizes his own response to human vices and faults, and he in turn aims to engage other people's feelings. Over the course of his career, he adopts a series of rhetorical personae that represent a spectrum of satiric emotions, encouraging his audience to ponder satire's proper emotional mode and function. Juvenal first offers his signature indignatio with its associated pleasures and discomforts, then tries on subtler personae that suggest dry detachment, callous amusement, anxiety, and other affective states.

As Keane shows, the satiric emotions are not only found in the author's rhetorical performances, but they are also a major part of the human farrago that the Satires purport to treat. Juvenal's poems explore the dynamic operation of emotions in society, drawing on diverse ancient literary, rhetorical, and philosophical sources. Each poem uniquely engages with different texts and ideas to reveal the unsettling powers of its emotional mode. Keane also analyzes the "emotional plot" of each book of Satires and the structural logic of the entire series with its wide range of subjects and settings. From his famous angry tirades to his more puzzling later meditations, Juvenal demonstrates an enduring interest in the relationship between feelings and moral judgment.


Source : Oxford University Press


L. Grillo, Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus Oratio

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Luca Grillo, Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus Oratio, Oxford, 2015.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
368 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-022458-5
64 £ (cartonné)

Perhaps no other single Roman speech exemplifies the connection between oratory, politics and imperialism better than Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus, pronounced to the senate in 56 BC. Cicero puts his talents at the service of the powerful "triumviri" (Caesar, Crassus and Pompey), whose aims he advances by appealing to the senators' imperialistic and chauvinistic ideology. This oration, then, yields precious insights into several areas of late republican life: international relations between Rome and the provinces (Gaul, Macedonia and Judaea); the senators' view on governors, publicani (tax-farmers) and foreigners; the dirty mechanics of high politics in the 50s, driven by lust for domination and money; and Cicero's own role in that political choreography. This speech also exemplifies the exceptional range of Cicero's oratory: the invective against Piso and Gabinius calls for biting irony, the praise of Caesar displays high rhetoric, the rejection of other senators' recommendations is a tour de force of logical and sophisticated argument, and Cicero's justification for his own conduct is embedded in the self-fashioning narrative which is typical of his post reditum speeches.
This new commentary includes an updated introduction, which provides the readers with a historical, rhetorical and stylistic background to appreciate the complexities of Cicero's oration, as well as indexes and maps.


Source : Oxford University Press


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