V. Rimell et M. Asper (éd.), Imagining Empire

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Victoria Rimell et Markus Asper (éd.), Imagining Empire. Political Space in Hellenistic and Roman Literature, Heidelberg, 2017.

Éditeur : Universitätsverlag Winter
Collection : Bibliothek der klassischen Altertumswissenschaften, Neue Folge, 2
264 pages
ISBN : 978-3-8253-6754-1
40 €

This volume investigates space in Greek and Latin literature as a real and imaginary dimension in which social relations, identities, power and knowledge are materialized, represented and (re)performed. The twelve contributors focus on Hellenistic Alexandria and late Republican to early Imperial Rome, yet the essays range from Greece, Egypt, and Italy to the Black Sea, Asia, and North Africa, taking in Callimachus, Apollonius of Rhodes, Caesar, Sallust, Cicero, Virgil, Statius, and Juvenal along the way.
As well as offering innovative interpretations of key texts from the third century BCE to the second century CE, the volume attempts to respond critically and imaginatively to the still-burgeoning body of work on space across the humanities in the wake of post-colonialist and poststructuralist thinking, and considers its potentially challenging implications for Classics as an evolving field of study.


Source : Universitätsverlag Winter


P. Duarte, F. Fleck, P. Lecaudé et A. Morel, Histoires de mots

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Pedro Duarte, Frédérique Fleck, Peggy Lecaudé et Aude Morel, Histoires de mots. Études de linguistique latine et de linguistique générale offertes en hommage à Michèle Fruyt, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : Presses Universitaires de Paris-Sorbonne
500 pages
ISBN : 979-10-231-0561-2
45 €

Quoi de plus passionnant que l'histoire des mots ? Une quarantaine d'auteurs se proposent dans cet ouvrage de faire partager leurs recherches scientifiques sur le sujet. On découvrira au fil des pages de ces Histoires de mots que « célibataire » a pour origine une expression latine signifiant « qui fait ce qu'il veut », tandis que l'épouse est celle « qui reste à la maison », ou encore que le climat pluvieux des mois d'automne (september, october, november et december) était inscrit dans leurs noms mêmes (imber « pluie »). Comment le verbe caveo, qui veut d'abord dire « éviter » (cave canem !), en est-il venu à signifier « protéger » ? Pourquoi un même mot (nedum) peut-il prendre les sens opposés tantôt de « bien davantage » tantôt de « bien moins encore » ? En quoi le connecteur igitur (« donc ») révèle-t-il le narcissisme de Salluste ?
À travers ces études particulières sur l'origine, la formation, l'évolution et les variations du lexique latin se dessinent de plus vastes perspectives. Quels sont les processus évolutifs mis en jeu par les changements morphologiques, sémantiques et syntaxiques ? Comment des emplois spécifiques liés à l'appartenance sociale, à l'emploi de langues techniques, au bilinguisme ou encore à des particularités idiosyncrasiques émergent-ils et dans quels contextes ? Autant de questions qui touchent également à la linguistique romane, à la linguistique comparée ou à la linguistique générale.

Source : Presses de l'université Paris-Sorbonne


N. T. Elkins, The Image of Political Power in the Reign of Nerva, AD 96-98

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Nathan T. Elkins, The Image of Political Power in the Reign of Nerva, AD 96-98, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
224 pages
ISBN : 9780190648039
55 £


At age 65, Nerva assumed the role of emperor of Rome; just sixteen months later, his reign ended with his death. Nerva's short reign robbed his regime of the opportunity for the emperor's imperial image to be defined in building or monumental art, leaving seemingly little for the art historian or archaeologist to consider. In view of this paucity, studies of Nerva primarily focus on the historical circumstances governing his reign with respect to the few relevant literary sources. The Image of Political Power in the Reign of Nerva, AD 96-98, by contrast, takes the entire imperial coinage program issued by the mint of Rome to examine the "self-representation," and, by extension, the policies and ideals of Nerva's regime. The brevity of Nerva's reign and the problems of retrospection caused by privileging posthumous literary sources make coinage one of the only ways of reconstructing anything of his image and ideology as it was disseminated and developed at the end of the first century during the emperors lifetime. The iconography of this coinage, and the popularity and spread of different iconographic types — as determined by study of hoards and finds, and as targeted towards different ancient constituencies — offers a more positive take on a little-studied emperor. Across three chapters, Elkins traces the different reverse types and how they would have resonated with their intended audiences, concluding with an examination of the parallels between text and coin iconography with previous and subsequent emperors. The Image of Political Power in the Reign of Nerva, AD 96-98 thus offers significant new perspectives on the agents behind the selection and formulation of iconography in the late first and early second century, showing how coinage can act as a visual panegyric similar to contemporary laudatory texts by tapping into how the inner circle of Nerva's regime wished the emperor to be seen.

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I. Image, The Human Condition in Hilary of Poitiers

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Isabella Image, The Human Condition in Hilary of Poitiers. The Will and Original Sin between Origen and Augustine, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
256 pages
ISBN : 9780198806646
65 £


While he is more commonly known for his Trinitiarian works and theology, this study assesses mid-fourth-century bishop Hilary of Poitiers' view of the human condition. Isabella Image shows that the Commentary on Psalm 118 is more closely related to Origen's than previously thought. Image explains how his articulations of sin, body and soul, the Fall and the will all parallel or echo Origen's views in this work, but not necessarily in his Matthew Commentary. Hilary has a doctrine of original sin ('sins of our origin', peccata originis), which differs from the individual personal sins and for which we are individually accountable. He also articulates a fallen will which is in thrall to disobedience and needs God's help, something God always gives as long as we show the initiative. Hilary's idea of the fallen will may have developed in tangent with Origen's thought, which uses Stoic ideas on the process of human action in order to articulate the constraints on purely rational responses. Hilary in turn influences Augustine, who writes against the Pelagian bishop Julian of Eclanum citing Hilary as an example of an earlier writer with original sin. Since Hilary is known to have used Origen's work, and Augustine is known to have used Hilary's, Hilary appears to be one of the stepping-stones between these two great giants of the early church as the doctrines of original sin and the fallen will developed.
The Human Condition in Hilary of Poitiers not only identifies Hilary's anthropological thought, but also places it in the current of theological development of the fourth century. It considers reception of Origen in the mid-fourth century, before the criticisms of Epiphanius and the debates in the Egyptian monastic communities. This work also contributes to understanding of the tradition from which Augustine received his doctrine of original sin.

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Salluste, La Guerre de Jugurtha

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Salluste, La Guerre de Jugurtha, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : Allia
144 pages
ISBN : 979-10-304-0578-1
10 €

Avant Spartacus et Vercingétorix, Jugurtha osa défier la grande Rome. Ambitieux, cruel et sans scrupules, fils d'esclave et neveu de Micipsa, roi de Numidie, le jeune Jugurtha est prêt à tout pour régner. Adopté par le souverain qui craint son ambition et espère ainsi l'amadouer et calmer ses ardeurs guerrières, Jugurtha hérite de sa part du butin aux côtés de ses frères d'adoption lors du décès de son oncle.
Jugurtha n'hésite pas à corrompre les dirigeants romains et parvient à mener à bien son plan : éliminer ses deux adversaires et tout rival qui croiserait sa route afin de s'emparer du trône. Mais c'est sans compter sur le peuple de Rome, qui se révolte bientôt contre les massacres en chaîne et les manœuvres de la noblesse romaine corrompue...


Source : Éditions Allia


D. Hoyos, Mastering the West. Rome and Carthage at War

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Dexter Hoyos, Mastering the West. Rome and Carthage at War, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Ancient Warfare and Civilization
360 pages
ISBN : 9780190663452
12,99 £


To say the Punic Wars (264-146 BC) were a turning-point in world history is a vast understatement. These vicious battles pitted two flourishing Mediterranean powers against one another, leaving one an unrivaled giant and the other a literal pile of ash. To later observers, a collision between these civilizations seemed inevitable and yet, to the Romans and Carthaginians at the time, war erupted seemingly out of nowhere and was expected to be a short and trivial skirmish.
Mastering the West offers a superlative narrative of all three wars as they are generally divided, while treating a full range of themes: the antagonists' military, naval, economic, and demographic resources and strategic opportunities; the political structures of both republics; questions of leadership and the contributions of leaders like Hannibal, Fabius the Delayer, Scipio Africanus, Masinissa, and Scipio Aemilianus; and the postwar impact of the conflicts on the participants and victims. Dexter Hoyos, a leading expert of the period, treats the two great powers evenly, without forgetting the important roles played by Syracuse, Macedon, and especially Numidia. Written with verve in a clear, accessible style, with a range of illustrations and newly-commissioned maps, Mastering the West is sure to restructure our understanding of this critical period in ancient history.

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L. Danckaert, The Development of Latin Clause Structure. A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase

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Lieven Danckaert, The Development of Latin Clause Structure. A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Oxford Studies in Diachronic and Historical Linguistics
384 pages
ISBN : 9780198759522
70 £

This book examines Latin word order, and in particular the relative ordering of i) lexical verbs and direct objects (OV vs VO) and ii) auxiliaries and non-finite verbs (VAux vs AuxV). In Latin these elements can freely be ordered with respect to each other, whereas the present-day Romance languages only allow for the head-initial orders VO and AuxV. Lieven Danckaert offers a detailed, corpus-based description of these two word order alternations, focusing on their diachronic development in the period from c. 200 BC until 600 AD. The corpus data reveal that some received wisdom needs to be reconsidered: there is in fact no evidence for any major increase in productivity of the order VO during the eight centuries under investigation, and the order AuxV only becomes more frequent in clauses with a modal verb and an infinitive, not in clauses with a BE-auxiliary and a past participle. The book also explores a more fundamental question about Latin syntax, namely whether or not the language is configurational, in the sense that a phrase structure grammar (with 'higher-order constituents' such as verb phrases) is needed to describe and analyse Latin word order patterns. Four pieces of evidence are presented that suggest that Latin is indeed a fully configurational language, despite its high degree of word order flexibility. Specifically, it is shown that there is ample evidence for the existence of a verb phrase constituent. The book thus contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the status of configurationality as a language universal.

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