Publications

D. Potter, Theodora: Actress, Empress, Saint

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David Potter, Theodora: Actress, Empress, Saint, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Women in Antiquity
288 pages
ISBN : 9780190692759
14,99 £

 

Two of the most famous mosaics from the ancient world, in the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, depict the sixth-century emperor Justinian and, on the wall facing him, his wife, Theodora (497-548). This majestic portrait gives no inkling of Theodora's very humble beginnings or her improbable rise to fame and power. Raised in a family of circus performers near Constantinople's Hippodrome, she abandoned a successful acting career in her late teens to follow a lover whom she was legally forbidden to marry. When he left her, she was a single mother who built a new life for herself as a secret agent, in which role she met the heir to the throne. To the shock of the ruling elite, the two were married, and when Justinian assumed power in 527, they ruled the Eastern Roman Empire together.
Their reign was the most celebrated in Byzantine history, bringing wealth, prestige, and even Rome itself back to the Empire. Theodora was one of the dominant political figures of her era, helping shape imperial foreign and domestic policy and twice saving her husband from threatened deposition. She played a central role trying to solve the religious disputes of her era and proactively assisted women who were being trafficked. An extraordinarily able politician, she excited admiration and hatred from those around her. Enemies wrote extensively and imaginatively about her presumed early career as a prostitute, while supporters elevated her, quite literally, to sainthood.
Theodora's is a tale of a woman of exceptional talent who overcame immense obstacles to achieve incredible power, which she exercised without ever forgetting where she had come from. In Theodora: Actress, Empress, Saint, David Potter penetrates the highly biased accounts of her found in the writings of her contemporaries and takes advantage of the latest research on early Byzantium to craft a modern, well-rounded, and engaging narrative of Theodora's life. This fascinating portrait will intrigue all readers with an interest in ancient and women's history.

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S. Yona, Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire

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Sergio Yona, Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
368 pages
ISBN : 9780198786559
70 £

 

Over the centuries leading up to their composition many genres and authors have emerged as influences on Horace's Satires, which in turn has led to a wide variety of scholarly interpretations. This study aims to expand the existing dialogue by exploring further the intersection of ancient satire and ethics, focusing on the moral tradition of Epicureanism through the lens of one source in particular: Philodemus of Gadara.
Philodemus was an Epicurean philosopher who wrote for a Roman audience and was one of Horace's contemporaries and neighbours in Italy. His works, which were preserved by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 but have nevertheless not been widely read on account of their fragmentary nature, feature a range of ethical treatises on subjects including patronage, friendship, flattery, frankness, poverty, and wealth. Epicurean Ethics in Horace: The Psychology of Satire offers a serious consideration of the role of Philodemus' Epicurean teachings in Horace's Satires and argues that the central concerns of the philosopher's work not only lie at the heart of the poet's criticisms of Roman society and its shortcomings, but also lend to the collection a certain coherence and overall unity in its underlying convictions. The result is a ground-breaking study of the deep and pervasive influence of Epicurean ethical philosophy on Horace's Satires, which also reveals something of the poet behind the literary mask or persona by demonstrating the philosophical consistency of his position throughout the two books.

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A. Pelletier (éd.), Flavius Josèphe. Guerre des Juifs. Livre V

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André Pelletier (éd.), Flavius Josèphe. Guerre des Juifs. Livre V, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : Les Belles Lettres
Collection : Classiques en poche
374 pages
ISBN : 9782251447186
14,90 €

Texte établi et traduit par : André PELLETIER, Introduction et notes de : Olivier MUNNICH
Juif, né en Judée au Ier siècle de notre ère, l'auteur est, au début de la guerre contre Rome en 66, général des forces juives en Galilée. Assiégé, il trouve le moyen d'échapper à la mort et passe dans le camp romain. Pour la suite du conflit, il est, auprès des empereurs flaviens, témoin des opérations.
Le livre V est consacré au siège et à la prise de Jérusalem en 70. La longue description de la ville, du Sanctuaire et du Temple atteste certaines traditions que l'on ne retrouve que plus tard dans les textes rabbiniques. Son exhortation au parti de la guerre – qu'il réduit à des « factieux » – offre paradoxalement notre seul accès au credo des combattants juifs. En un tableau pathétique, l'auteur évoque les souffrances de la population, livrée à la faim, à la cruauté des factieux et à la dureté des Romains. La réflexion de Flavius Josèphe combine avec force réminiscences de la littérature grecque et traditions déjà caractéristiques du judaïsme rabbinique.
Ce texte a eu de profonds échos dans la littérature de l'Antiquité chrétienne, mais il a aussi inspiré des reprises remarquables au xvie siècle lors des guerres de Religion.


Source : Les Belles Lettres

 

K. Sandberg et C. Smith (éd.), Omnium Annalium Monumenta

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Kaj Sandberg et Christopher Smith (éd.), Omnium Annalium Monumenta: Historical Writing and Historical Evidence in Republican Rome, Leyde, 2018.

Éditeur : Brill
Collection : Historiography of Rome and Its Empire, 2
ISBN : 9789004355446
160 €

This edited volume brings a variety of approaches to the problem of how the Romans conceived of their history, what were the mechanisms for their preservation of the past, and how did the Romans come to write about their past.
Building on important recent work in historiography, and the recent memory turn, the authors consider the practicalities of transmission, literary and generic influences, and the role of the city of Rome in preserving and transmitting memories of the past.
The result is a major contribution to our understanding of the role history played in Roman life, and the kinds of evidence which could be deployed in constructing Roman history.

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F. Magnano, Boethius. On Topical Differences

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Fiorella Magnano, Boethius. On Topical Differences, Turnhout, 2018.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Textes et études du Moyen Age 89
XCIV + 400 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-57931-3
€ 59

This volume contains the first modern commentary to Boethius's last logical monograph entitled De topicis differentiis, his most original work written around 522 A.D., just before the incarceration and death of the Roman philosopher. His textbook aims at providing a method for the discovery of arguments, that is an art that teaches how to solve any kind of question through the use of the topics, litteraly places of our mind able to produce arguments subsequently developed into argumentations. Boethius inherited this teaching from two different traditions, the Greek and Latin. In light of the differences found in them, the Roman scholar undertook the writing of the De topicis differentiis precisely in order to show the possible way of reconciling these two philosophical traditions. In this way Boethius was able to disseminate a unified vision of this matter to the Latin world, restoring the centrality that the Topics had in the Aristotelian Logic and restoring their noblest function, that of being instruments at the service of the search for Truth. Finally, he also provided the list of the rhetorical topics by showing the differences with dialectical topics. This study provides a full reconstruction of the structure of the Boethian work, retraces and evaluates the sources, investigates the implications, and explains why the De topicis differentiis remains a foundational work for anyone who wants to understand the development of European Logic through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

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A. Severi, Leggere i moderni con gli antichi e gli antichi coi moderni Petrarca, Valla e Beroaldo

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Andrea Severi, Leggere i moderni con gli antichi e gli antichi coi moderni Petrarca, Valla e Beroaldo, Bologne, 2017.

Éditeur : Pàtron
Collection : Cultura umanistica e saperi moderni
240 pages
ISBN : 9788855533843
27 €

 

Il volume raccoglie sette saggi che attraversano alcuni aspetti della cultura umanistica, fra XV e XVI secolo, seguendo sentieri poco battuti: il petrarchismo latino, la prima ricezione di Lorenzo Valla e le prove più mature del magistero del maestro bolognese Filippo Beroaldo il Vecchio. Ognuno dei contributi affronta un diverso fenomeno di ricezione e trasmissione culturale di autori antichi e moderni: in alcuni casi di moderni (Petrarca) riscritti con le parole degli antichi, in altri di autori antichi riscoperti e riproposti grazie alla mediazione dei moderni, come i sette saggi o i divieti pitagorici. Tutto questo in un periodo di transizione in cui la lingua latina non sente più molto salda la sua egemonia in campo culturale.

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S. Frangoulidis et S. Harrison (éd.), Life, Love and Death in Latin Poetry: Studies in Honor of Theodore D. Papanghelis

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Stavros Frangoulidis et Stephen Harrison (éd.), Life, Love and Death in Latin Poetry: Studies in Honor of Theodore D. Papanghelis, Berlin - Boston, 2018.

Éditeur : De Gruyter
Collection : Trends in Classics-Supplmentary Volumes 61
xvi, 329 pages
ISBN : ISBN: 978-3-11-059618-2
119.95 € / $137.99 / £108.99

Inspired by Theodore Papanghelis' Propertius: A Hellenistic Poet on Love and Death (1987), this collective volume brings together seventeen contributions, written by an international team of experts, exploring the different ways in which Latin authors and some of their modern readers created narratives of life, love and death. Taken together the papers offer stimulating readings of Latin texts over many centuries, examined in a variety of genres and from various perspectives: poetics and authorial self-fashioning; intertextuality; fiction and ‘reality'; gender and queer studies; narratological readings; temporality and aesthetics; genre and meta-genre; structures of the narrative and transgression of boundaries on the ideological and the formalistic level; reception; meta-dramatic and feminist accounts-the female voice. Overall, the articles offer rich insights into the handling and development of these narratives from Classical Greece through Rome up to modern English poetry.

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