N. Coffee, Gift and Gain. How Money Transformed Ancient Rome

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Neil Coffee, Gift and Gain. How Money Transformed Ancient Rome, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
312 pages
ISBN : 9780190496432
47,99 £

The economy of ancient Rome, with its money, complex credit arrangements, and long-range shipping, was surprisingly modern. Yet Romans also exchanged goods and services within a robust system of gifts and favors, which sustained the supportive relationships necessary for survival in the absence of the extensive state and social institutions. In Gift and Gain: How Money Transformed Ancient Rome, Neil Coffee shows how a vibrant commercial culture progressively displaced systems of gift giving over the course of Rome's classical era. The change was propelled the Roman elite, through their engagement in shipping, moneylending, and other enterprises. Members of the same elite, however, remained habituated to traditional gift relationships, relying on them to exercise influence and build their social worlds. They resisted the transformation, through legislation, political movements, and philosophical argument. The result was a recurring clash across the contexts of Roman social and economic life. The book traces the conflict between gift and gain from Rome's prehistory, down through the conflicts of the late Republic, into the early Empire, showing its effects in areas as diverse as politics, government, legal representation, philosophical thought, public morality, personal and civic patronage, marriage, dining, and the Latin language. These investigations show Rome shifting, unevenly but steadily, away from its pre-historic reliance on relationships of mutual aid, and toward to the more formal, commercial, and contractual relations of modernity.


Source : Oxford University Press


J. C. Martín-Iglesias, El denominado Cronicón de Guillem Mascaró († 1405) y sus continuaciones

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Jose Carlos Martín-Iglesias, El denominado Cronicón de Guillem Mascaró († 1405) y sus continuaciones. Introducción, edición y traducción, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : SEMH-Sorbonne
Collection : Les Livres d'e-Spania. Sources, 8
ISSN : 2109-8972
En ligne :

Ce travail fournit l'editio princeps de la Chronique de Guillem Mascaró († 1405), qui jouissait d'un bénéfice à la cathédrale de Barcelone. Cette Chronique, transmise par le manuscrit désigné comme Barcelona, Biblioteca de Cataluña, 485, est rédigée en latin et en catalan. Elle est divisée en deux parties: la première commence par une chronologie du monde depuis Adam jusqu'à Jésus Christ et se termine en 1397 ; la seconde commence en 714 apr. J. C. et se termine en 1398. Le récit est continué par d'autres notices sur les années 1405-1406 et 1452. Parmi les sources du texte, on peut citer les Etymologiae d'Isidore de Séville, la Chronica de Sicard de Crémone, le Speculum historiale de Vincent de Beauvais, la bulle Vox in excelso du pape Clément V et une compilation annalistique de la famille des chroniques Barcinonenses. Cette édition est précédée d'une étude du manuscrit et du contenu de l'œuvre, et suivie d'une traduction du récit historique, accompagnée de notes.

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J. Elsner et J. Hernández Lobato (éd.), The Poetics of Late Latin Literature

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Jaś Elsner et Jesús Hernández Lobato (éd.), The Poetics of Late Latin Literature, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
544 pages
ISBN : 9780199355631
55 £


The aesthetic changes in late Roman literature speak to the foundations of modern Western culture. The dawn of a modern way of being in the world, one that most Europeans and Americans would recognize as closely ancestral to their own, is to be found not in the distant antiquity of Greece nor in the golden age of a Roman empire that spanned the Mediterranean, but more fundamentally in the original and problematic fusion of Greco-Roman culture with a new and unexpected foreign element-the arrival of Christianity as an exclusive state religion. For a host of reasons, traditionalist scholarship has failed to give a full and positive account of the formal, aesthetic and religious transformations of ancient poetics in Late Antiquity. The Poetics of Late Latin Literature attempts to capture the excitement and vibrancy of the living ancient tradition reinventing itself in a new context in the hands of a series of great Latin writers mainly from the fourth and fifth centuries AD. A series of the most distinguished expert voices in later Latin poetry as well as some of the most exciting new scholars have been specially commissioned to write new papers for this volume.

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V. Mangraviti, L'Odissea Marciana di Leonzio tra Boccaccio e Petrarca

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Valeria Mangraviti, L'Odissea Marciana di Leonzio tra Boccaccio e Petrarca, Barcelona - Roma, 2016.

Éditeur : Fédération Internationale des Instituts d'Etudes Médiévales
Collection : Textes et études du Moyen Age 81
CLXXVII + 941 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-56733-4
79 €

L'imponente fatica ermeneutica del greco Leonzio Pilato, amico di Petrarca e Boccaccio, dischiuse la via al ritorno di Omero in Occidente nella seconda metà del Trecento. Da quando, negli anni '60 del secolo scorso, Agostino Pertusi ha identifi cato gli autografi  marciani delle sue versioni omeriche, agli studiosi è stato possibile entrare nell'offi cina di Leonzio, a un tempo copista, traduttore e commentatore dei due poemi.
Nel presente studio si offre per la prima volta l'edizione integrale dei testi grecolatini dell'autografo leonteo dell'Odissea, il Marc. gr. IX 29, e si illustrano i molteplici aspetti del suo lavoro. Da una parte, sul versante del greco, si evidenziano alcune peculiarità della recensione del poema tramandata dal Marciano, dall'altra si sottopone a sistematica analisi la fi sionomia ortografi ca, morfosintattica e lessicale del latino di Leonzio. Particolare attenzione è dedicata alle dinamiche interpretative che emergono dalla versione interlineare, eseguita ad verbum secondo l'uso medievale, e dalla densa postillatura. Si dà accuratamente conto, inoltre, delle tracce lasciate nel codice da altre mani: le numerose annotazioni che abbiamo potuto assegnare a Boccaccio e Petrarca aprono nuovi scenari sulle prime vicende del manoscritto e documentano il vivo interesse con cui fi n dall'inizio i due umanisti si accostarono alla lettura dell'Odissea.


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J.C. McKeown, A Cabinet of Ancient Medical Curiosities

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J.C. McKeown, A Cabinet of Ancient Medical Curiosities. Strange Tales and Surprising Facts from the Healing Arts of Greece and Rome, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
288 pages
ISBN : 9780190610432
12,99 £

There are few disciplines as exciting and forward-looking as medicine. Unfortunately, however, many modern practitioners have rather lost sight of the origins of their discipline. A Cabinet of Ancient Medical Curiosities aspires to make good this lapse by taking readers back to the early days of Western medicine in ancient Greece and Rome. Quoting the actual words of ancient authors, often from texts which have never been translated into English, it gives a glimpse into the beginnings of such fields as surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, preventive medicine, and pharmacology, as well as highlighting ancient views on such familiar topics as medical ethics and the role of the doctor in society.

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E. Swift, Roman Artefacts and Society. Design, Behaviour, and Experience

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Ellen Swift, Roman Artefacts and Society. Design, Behaviour, and Experience, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
320 pages
ISBN : 9780198785262
85 £

In this book, Ellen Swift uses design theory, previously neglected in Roman archaeology, to investigate Roman artefacts in a new way, making a significant contribution to both Roman social history, and our understanding of the relationships that exist between artefacts and people.
Based on extensive data collection and the close study of artefacts from museum collections and archives, the book examines the relationship between artefacts, everyday behaviour, and experience. The concept of 'affordances'-features of an artefact that make possible, and incline users towards, particular uses for functional artefacts-is an important one for the approach taken. This concept is carefully evaluated by considering affordances in relation to other sources of evidence, such as use-wear, archaeological context, the end-products resulting from artefact use, and experimental reconstruction. Artefact types explored in the case studies include locks and keys, pens, shears, glass vessels, dice, boxes, and finger-rings, using material mainly drawn from the north-western Roman provinces, with some material also from Roman Egypt.

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R. J. A. Talbert, Roman Portable Sundials. The Empire in your Hand

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Richard J. A. Talbert, Roman Portable Sundials. The Empire in your Hand, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
264 pages
ISBN : 9780190273484
35,99 £

In an unscientific era when maps were rarities, how did ancient Romans envisage their far flung empire? This was done by various means for certain, including with the aid of an ingenious type of portable sundial that has barely attracted notice. As the Romans understood before the first century BCE, to track the passage of the sun across the sky hour-by-hour one needed to know one's latitude and the time of year, and that, furthermore, sundials did not have to be fixed objects. These portable instruments, crafted in bronze, were adjustable for the changes of latitude to be expected on long journeys—say, for instance, from Britain to Spain, or from Alexandria to Rome, or even on a Mediterranean tour. For convenient reference, these sundials incorporated lists of twenty to thirty names of cities or regions, each with its specific latitude. One of the insights of Roman Portable Sundials is that the choice of locations offers unique clues to the mental world-map and self-identity of individuals able to visualize Rome's vast empire latitudinally.

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