B. Inwood, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 45

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Brad Inwood, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 45, Oxford, New York, 2013.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy
384 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-967944-7

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.

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J. Grethlein, Experience and Teleology in Ancient Historiography

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Jonas Grethlein, Experience and Teleology in Ancient Historiography. Futures Past from Herodotus to Augustine, Cambrige, New York, 2013.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
431 pages
ISBN : 9781107040281

The past is narrated in retrospect. Historians can either capitalize on the benefit of hindsight and give their narratives a strongly teleological design or they may try to render the past as it was experienced by historical agents and contemporaries. This book explores the fundamental tension between experience and teleology in major works of Greek and Roman historiography, biography and autobiography. The combination of theoretical reflections with close readings yields a new, often surprising assessment of the history of ancient historiography as well as a deeper understanding of such authors as Thucydides, Tacitus and Augustine. While much recent work has focused on how ancient historians use emplotment to generate historical meaning, Experience and Teleology in Ancient Historiography offers a new approach to narrative form as a mode of coming to grips with time.

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A. Giesecke, The Mythology of Plants: Botanical Lore from Ancient Greece and Rome

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Annette Giesecke, The Mythology of Plants: Botanical Lore from Ancient Greece and Rome, Los Angeles, 2014.

Éditeur : J. Paul Getty Museum
144 pages
ISBN : 978-1-60606-321-7

This engaging book focuses on the perennially fascinating topic of plants in Greek and Roman myth. The author, an authority on the gardens, art, and literature of the classical world, introduces the book's main themes with a discussion of gods and heroes in ancient Greek and Roman gardens. The following chapters recount the everyday uses and broader cultural meaning of plants with particularly strong mythological associations. These include common garden plants such as narcissus and hyacinth; pomegranate and apple , which were potent symbols of fertility; and sources of precious incense including frankincense and myrrh. Following the sweeping botanical commentary are the myths themselves, told in the original voice of Ovid, classical antiquity's most colorful mythographer.

The volume's interdisciplinary approach will appeal to a wide audience, ranging from readers interested in archaeology, classical literature, and ancient history to garden enthusiasts. With an original translation of selections from Ovid's Metamorphoses, an extensive bibliography, a useful glossary of names and places, and a rich selection of images including exquisite botanical illustrations, this book is unparalleled in scope and realization.

Annette Giesecke is professor of classics at the University of Delaware. She is the author of The Epic City: Urbanism, Utopia, and the Garden in Ancient Greece and Rome (Harvard University Press, 2007) aswell as editor of and contributor to Earth Perfect? Nature, Utopia, and the Garden (Black Dog Publishing,2012) and The Good Gardener? Nature, Humanity, and the Garden (Artifice Books on Architecture, 2014).


Source : Getty


D. Fishwick, Cult Places and Cult Personnel in the Roman Empire

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Duncan Fishwick, Cult Places and Cult Personnel in the Roman Empire, Farnham, Burlington, VT, 2014.

Éditeur : Ashgate
Collection : Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS1039
392 pages
ISBN : 978-1-4724-1473-1

The twenty-one studies assembled in this volume focus on the apparatus and practitioners of religions in the western Roman empire, the enclaves, temples, altars and monuments that served the cults of a wide range of divinities through the medium of priests and worshippers. Discussion focuses on the analysis or reconstruction of the centres at which devotees gathered and draws on the full range of available evidence. While literary authorities remain of primary concern, these are for the most part overshadowed by other categories of evidence, in particular archaeology, epigraphy, numismatics and iconography, sources in some cases confirmed by the latest geophysical techniques - electrical resistivity tomography or ground-probing radar. The material is conveniently presented by geographical area, using modern rather than Latin terminology: Rome, Italy, Britain, Gaul, Spain, Hungary, along with a broader section that covers the empire in general. The titles of the various articles speak for themselves but readers may find the preface of interest in so far as it sets out my ideas on the use of ancient evidence and the pitfalls of some of the approaches favoured by modern scholars. Together with the wide range of individual papers the preface makes the book of interest to all students of the Roman empire as well as those specifically concerned with the history of religions.

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P. Chaudhuri, The War with God. Theomachy in Roman Imperial Poetry

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Pramit Chaudhuri, The War with God. Theomachy in Roman Imperial Poetry, Oxford, New York, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
416 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-999338-3

Epic and tragedy, from Homer's Achilles and Euripides' Pentheus to Marlowe's Tamburlaine and Milton's Satan, are filled with characters challenging and warring against the gods. Nowhere is the theme of theomachy more frequently and powerfully represented, however, than in the poetry of early imperial Rome, from Ovid's Metamorphoses at the beginning of the first century AD to Statius' Thebaid near its end. This book - the first full-length study of human-divine conflict in Roman literature - asks why the war against god was so important to the poets of the time and how this understudied period of literary history influenced a larger tradition in Western literature.
Drawing on a variety of contexts - politics, religion, philosophy, and aesthetics - Pramit Chaudhuri argues for the fundamental importance of battles between humans and gods in representing the Roman world. A cast of tyrants, emperors, rebels, iconoclasts, philosophers, and ambitious poets brings to life some of the most extraordinary artistic products of classical antiquity. Based on close readings of the major extant epics and selected tragedies, the book replaces a traditionally Virgiliocentric view of imperial epic with a richer dialogue between Greek and Roman texts, contemporary authors, and diverse genres. The renewed sense of a tradition reveals how the conflicts these works represent constitute a distinctive theology informed by other discourses yet peculiar to epic and tragedy. Beginning with the Greek background and ending by looking ahead to developments in the Renaissance, this book charts the history of a theme that would find its richest expression in a time when men became gods and impiety threatened the very order of the world.
Covering a wide range of literary and historical topics - from metapoetics to the sublime, from divination to Epicureanism, and from madness to apotheosis - the book will appeal to all readers interested in Latin literature, Roman cultural history, poetic theology, and the epic and tragic traditions from antiquity to modernity.

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S. Birk, Depicting the Dead. Self-Representation and Commemoration on Roman Sarcophagi

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Stine Birk, Depicting the Dead. Self-Representation and Commemoration on Roman Sarcophagi with Portraits, Aarhus, 2013.

Éditeur : Aarhus University Press
Collection : Aarhus Studies in Mediterranean Antiquity (11)
333 pages
ISBN : 978 87 7124 018 4
kr. 349.95

The present monograph takes its place in a now well-established tradition of seeing sarcophagi as visual statements of deceased individuals that used allegories to plot lives and personal memories against mythological and other idealised narratives. It focuses on Roman sarcophagi, often referred to as stadtrömisch, which reflects the fact that the field has traditionally been dominated by German scholars. The aim of the book is twofold: Firstly, it is an exploration of how to read Roman sarcophagi, which starts from those with portraits, but which can contribute more broadly to the study of sarcophagi in general. Secondly, this book investigates gender values as represented through images and how to locate the individual in standardised iconography.

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N. J. Andrade, Syrian Identity in the Greco-Roman World

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Nathanael J. Andrade, Syrian Identity in the Greco-Roman World, Cambrige, New York, 2013.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
Collection : Greek culture in the Roman world
441 pages
ISBN : 9781107012059

By engaging with recent developments in the study of empires, this book examines how inhabitants of Roman imperial Syria reinvented expressions and experiences of Greek, Roman and Syrian identification. It demonstrates how the organization of Greek communities and a peer polity network extending citizenship to ethnic Syrians generated new semiotic frameworks for the performance of Greekness and Syrianness. Within these, Syria's inhabitants reoriented and interwove idioms of diverse cultural origins, including those from the Near East, to express Greek, Roman and Syrian identifications in innovative and complex ways. While exploring a vast array of written and material sources, the book thus posits that Greekness and Syrianness were constantly shifting and transforming categories, and it critiques many assumptions that govern how scholars of antiquity often conceive of Roman imperial Greek identity, ethnicity and culture in the Roman Near East, and processes of 'hybridity' or similar concepts.

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