Publications

S. Bönisch-Meyer, L. Cordes, V. Schulz, A. Wolsfeld, M. Ziegert, Nero und Domitian

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Sophia Bönisch-Meyer, Lisa Cordes, Verena Schulz, Anne Wolsfeld, Martin Ziegert (éd.), Nero und Domitian. Mediale Diskurse der Herrscherrepräsentation im Vergleich, Tübingen, 2014.

Éditeur : Narr Verlag
Collection : Classica Monacensia 46
VIII, 485 pages
ISBN : 978-3-8233-6813-7
88€

Nero und Domitian, die bis heute nicht nur in der Populärkultur als mali principes gelten, sind bislang zumeist einzeln oder im Kontext ihrer eigenen Dynastien untersucht worden. Dieser Band unternimmt erstmals den Versuch, die Herrscherrepräsentation beider Kaiser im Vergleich zu analysieren. Durch eine solche komparative Herangehensweise sollen die spezifischen Profile ihrer Herrschaft, Kontinuitäten und Brüche in ihrer Repräsentation sowie Transgressionen bestehender Normen herausgearbeitet werden. Dafür werden die Darstellungen beider Kaiser in den verschiedenen Medien – in der Literatur, in Inschriften, Bildnissen und Münzen – aus der Perspektive mehrerer altertumswissenschaftlicher Fachdisziplinen betrachtet. Ziel ist es, so die verschiedenen Strategien und Praktiken ihrer Repräsentation zu untersuchen und dabei die Diskurse der neronischen und domitianischen Herrschaft nachzuzeichnen.

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S. Birk, T. Myrup Kristensen, B. Poulsen , Using Images in Late Antiquity

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Stine Birk, Troels Myrup Kristensen, Birte Poulsen (éd.), Using Images in Late Antiquity, Oxford, Philadelphie, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxbow Books
288 pages
ISBN : 9781782972617
£45.00

Fifteen papers focus on the active and dynamic uses of images during the first millennium AD. They bring together an international group of scholars who situate the period's visual practices within their political, religious, and social contexts. The contributors present a diverse range of evidence, including mosaics, sculpture, and architecture from all parts of the Mediterranean, from Spain in the west to Jordan in the east. Contributions span from the depiction of individuals on funerary monuments through monumental epigraphy, Constantine's expropriation and symbolic re-use of earlier monuments, late antique collections of Classical statuary, and city personifications in mosaics to the topic of civic prosperity during the Theodosian period and dynastic representation during the Umayyad dynasty. Together they provide new insights into the central role of visual culture in the constitution of late antique societies.

The editors are all affiliated with the Department of Classical Studies at Aarhus University, Denmark, and were responsible for the collaborative research project “Art and Social Identities in Late Antiquity” (2007-2010).

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A. Baumann, Freiheitsbeschränkungen der Dekurionen in der Spätantike

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Alexander Baumann, Freiheitsbeschränkungen der Dekurionen in der Spätantike, Hildesheim, Zürich, New York, 2014.

Éditeur : Olms
Collection : Sklaverei – Knechtschaft – Zwangsarbeit, 12
VIII/231 pages
ISBN : 978-3-487-15154-0
39,80

Die Gemeinderäte (Dekurionen) in den römischen Stadtgemeinden bildeten in der Spätantike einerseits das oberste Leitungsgremium einer Stadt, andererseits waren sie zu zahlreichen Diensten für das Gemeinwesen verpflichtet. Im Laufe der Zeit waren aber aufgrund der wirtschaftlichen Situation immer weniger Menschen bereit, das Dekurionenamt zu übernehmen, und immer mehr Dekurionen strebten danach, ihr Amt aufzugeben. Dies suchte der spätrömische Gesetzgeber durch eine Vielzahl von Gesetzen zu verhindern, die die Freiheit der Dekurionen in vielfältiger Hinsicht einschränkten. Diese Arbeit untersucht, welchen Freiheitsbeschränkungen die Dekurionen in der Spätantike unterlagen. Sie beleuchtet, welche Ursachen die Kaiser zu ihrer restriktiven Gesetzgebung bewogen, welche Folgen diese für die Betroffenen hatte und wie sie in die spätantike Gesetzgebung eingeordnet werden kann. Auch versucht sie eine Antwort auf die Frage zu geben, ob die Situation der Dekurionen als Zustand zwischen Freiheit und Unfreiheit bezeichnet werden kann.

Source : Olms

 

R. Arcuri, Moderatio. Problematiche economiche e dinamiche sociali nel principato di Tiberio

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Rosalba Arcuri, Moderatio. Problematiche economiche e dinamiche sociali nel principato di Tiberio, Milan, 2014.

Éditeur : Jouvence
Collection : Antiquitas
508 pages
ISBN : 978-88-7801-436-7
36,00 €

L'indagine si propone di gettare nuova luce sul periodo post-augusteo, età durante la quale il lungo principato di Tiberio mostra, dal punto di vista istituzionale, un'accentuazione della dicotomia tra il princeps e la nobilitas, nonché la stabilizzazione della forma di governo iniziatasi con Augusto. Più che gli aspetti strettamente politici ed evenemenziali, il libro analizza forme economiche e dinamiche sociali emerse all'indagine come peculiarità di questo ventennio di storia altoimperiale: l'economia senatoria, che solo in un'ottica riduttiva sembra potersi ricondurre all'ostentazione del luxus, ma che ad un'analisi più profonda rivela un delicato equilibrio tra ideologia conservatrice e razionalità ordinatrice; la dialettica produzione-mercato, che dagli anni venti del I sec. d.C. vede affi orare tracce di squilibri che interessarono soprattutto la Penisola; il prelievo delle risorse e il sistema fi scale in genere, in cui si evidenziano persistenze augustee e innovazioni, preludi ad una burocrazia più articolata sotto i successori; i fenomeni monetari in Italia e nelle province, indizi di un alto livello di monetarizzazione della società romana nel suo complesso; infi ne, i rifl essi di tali dinamiche in alcune realtà provinciali, le cui peculiari fi sionomie socio-economiche svelano, tra le pieghe di vicende storiche particolari (Africa, Egitto, Giudea), l'integrazione, pur nella diversità, al sistema imperiale romano.

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J. Fisher, The Annals of Quintus Ennius and the Italic Tradition

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Jay Fisher, The Annals of Quintus Ennius and the Italic Tradition, Baltimore (Md), 2013.

Éditeur : John Hopkins University Press
224 pages
ISBN : 9781421411293
$69.95

Quintus Ennius, often considered the father of Roman poetry, is best remembered for his epic poem, the Annals, a history of Rome from Aeneas until his own lifetime. Ennius represents an important bridge between Homer's works in Greek and Vergil's Aeneid. Jay Fisher argues that Ennius does not simply translate Homeric models into Latin, but blends Greek poetic models with Italic diction to produce a poetic hybrid. Fisher's investigation uncovers a poem that blends foreign and familiar cultural elements in order to generate layers of meaning for his Roman audience.
Fisher combines modern linguistic methodologies with traditional philology to uncover the influence of the language of Roman ritual, kinship, and military culture on the Annals. Moreover, because these customs are themselves hybrids of earlier Roman, Etruscan, and Greek cultural practices, not to mention the customs of speakers of lesser-known languages such as Oscan and Umbrian, the echoes of cultural interactions generate layers of meaning for Ennius, his ancient audience, and the modern readers of the fragments of the Annals.


Source : John Hopkins University Press

 

C. Harrison, C. Humfress et I. Sandwell (éd.), Being Christian in Late Antiquity. A Festschrift for Gillian Clark

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Carol Harrison, Caroline Humfress et Isabella Sandwell (éd.), Being Christian in Late Antiquity. A Festschrift for Gillian Clark, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
320 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-965603-5
£ 65


What do we mean when we talk about 'being Christian' in Late Antiquity? This volume brings together sixteen world-leading scholars of ancient Judaism, Christianity and Greco-Roman culture and society to explore this question, in honour of the ground-breaking scholarship of Professor Gillian Clark. After an introduction to the volume's dedicatee and themes by Averil Cameron, the papers in Section I, `Being Christian through Reading, Writing and Hearing', analyse the roles that literary genre, writing, reading, hearing and the literature of the past played in the formation of what it meant to be Christian. The essays in Section II move on to explore how late antique Christians sought to create, maintain and represent Christian communities: communities that were both 'textually created' and 'enacted in living realities'. Finally in Section III, 'The Particularities of Being Christian', the contributions examine what it was to be Christian from a number of different ways of representing oneself, each of which raises questions about certain kinds of 'particularities', for example, gender, location, education and culture.
Bringing together primary source material from the early Imperial period up to the seventh century AD and covering both the Eastern and Western Empires, the papers in this volume demonstrate that what it meant to be Christian cannot simply be taken for granted. 'Being Christian' was part of a continual process of construction and negotiation, as individuals and Christian communities alike sought to relate themselves to existing traditions, social structures and identities, at the same time as questioning and critiquing the past(s) in their present.

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K. Milnor, Graffiti and the Literary Landscape in Roman Pompeii

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Kristina Milnor, Graffiti and the Literary Landscape in Roman Pompeii, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
336 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-968461-8
£ 70

In this volume, Milnor considers how the fragments of textual graffiti which survive on the walls of the Roman city of Pompeii reflect and refract the literary world from which they emerged. Focusing in particular on the writings which either refer to or quote canonical authors directly, Milnor uncovers the influence— in diction, style, or structure—of elite Latin literature as the Pompeian graffiti show significant connections with familiar authors such as Ovid, Propertius, and Virgil.
While previous scholarship has described these fragments as popular distortions of well-known texts, Milnor argues that they are important cultural products in their own right, since they are able to give us insight into how ordinary Romans responded to and sometimes rewrote works of canonical literature. Additionally, since graffiti are at once textual and material artefacts, they give us the opportunity to see how such writings gave meaning to, and were given meaning by, the ancient urban environment.
Ultimately, the volume looks in detail at the role and nature of 'popular' literature in the early Roman Empire and the place of poetry in the Pompeian cityscape.

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