V. Mangraviti, L'Odissea Marciana di Leonzio tra Boccaccio e Petrarca

Envoyer Imprimer


Valeria Mangraviti, L'Odissea Marciana di Leonzio tra Boccaccio e Petrarca, Barcelona - Roma, 2016.

Éditeur : Fédération Internationale des Instituts d'Etudes Médiévales
Collection : Textes et études du Moyen Age 81
CLXXVII + 941 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-56733-4
79 €

L'imponente fatica ermeneutica del greco Leonzio Pilato, amico di Petrarca e Boccaccio, dischiuse la via al ritorno di Omero in Occidente nella seconda metà del Trecento. Da quando, negli anni '60 del secolo scorso, Agostino Pertusi ha identifi cato gli autografi  marciani delle sue versioni omeriche, agli studiosi è stato possibile entrare nell'offi cina di Leonzio, a un tempo copista, traduttore e commentatore dei due poemi.
Nel presente studio si offre per la prima volta l'edizione integrale dei testi grecolatini dell'autografo leonteo dell'Odissea, il Marc. gr. IX 29, e si illustrano i molteplici aspetti del suo lavoro. Da una parte, sul versante del greco, si evidenziano alcune peculiarità della recensione del poema tramandata dal Marciano, dall'altra si sottopone a sistematica analisi la fi sionomia ortografi ca, morfosintattica e lessicale del latino di Leonzio. Particolare attenzione è dedicata alle dinamiche interpretative che emergono dalla versione interlineare, eseguita ad verbum secondo l'uso medievale, e dalla densa postillatura. Si dà accuratamente conto, inoltre, delle tracce lasciate nel codice da altre mani: le numerose annotazioni che abbiamo potuto assegnare a Boccaccio e Petrarca aprono nuovi scenari sulle prime vicende del manoscritto e documentano il vivo interesse con cui fi n dall'inizio i due umanisti si accostarono alla lettura dell'Odissea.


Source :


J.C. McKeown, A Cabinet of Ancient Medical Curiosities

Envoyer Imprimer


J.C. McKeown, A Cabinet of Ancient Medical Curiosities. Strange Tales and Surprising Facts from the Healing Arts of Greece and Rome, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
288 pages
ISBN : 9780190610432
12,99 £

There are few disciplines as exciting and forward-looking as medicine. Unfortunately, however, many modern practitioners have rather lost sight of the origins of their discipline. A Cabinet of Ancient Medical Curiosities aspires to make good this lapse by taking readers back to the early days of Western medicine in ancient Greece and Rome. Quoting the actual words of ancient authors, often from texts which have never been translated into English, it gives a glimpse into the beginnings of such fields as surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, preventive medicine, and pharmacology, as well as highlighting ancient views on such familiar topics as medical ethics and the role of the doctor in society.

Lire la suite...

E. Swift, Roman Artefacts and Society. Design, Behaviour, and Experience

Envoyer Imprimer


Ellen Swift, Roman Artefacts and Society. Design, Behaviour, and Experience, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
320 pages
ISBN : 9780198785262
85 £

In this book, Ellen Swift uses design theory, previously neglected in Roman archaeology, to investigate Roman artefacts in a new way, making a significant contribution to both Roman social history, and our understanding of the relationships that exist between artefacts and people.
Based on extensive data collection and the close study of artefacts from museum collections and archives, the book examines the relationship between artefacts, everyday behaviour, and experience. The concept of 'affordances'-features of an artefact that make possible, and incline users towards, particular uses for functional artefacts-is an important one for the approach taken. This concept is carefully evaluated by considering affordances in relation to other sources of evidence, such as use-wear, archaeological context, the end-products resulting from artefact use, and experimental reconstruction. Artefact types explored in the case studies include locks and keys, pens, shears, glass vessels, dice, boxes, and finger-rings, using material mainly drawn from the north-western Roman provinces, with some material also from Roman Egypt.

Lire la suite...

R. J. A. Talbert, Roman Portable Sundials. The Empire in your Hand

Envoyer Imprimer


Richard J. A. Talbert, Roman Portable Sundials. The Empire in your Hand, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
264 pages
ISBN : 9780190273484
35,99 £

In an unscientific era when maps were rarities, how did ancient Romans envisage their far flung empire? This was done by various means for certain, including with the aid of an ingenious type of portable sundial that has barely attracted notice. As the Romans understood before the first century BCE, to track the passage of the sun across the sky hour-by-hour one needed to know one's latitude and the time of year, and that, furthermore, sundials did not have to be fixed objects. These portable instruments, crafted in bronze, were adjustable for the changes of latitude to be expected on long journeys—say, for instance, from Britain to Spain, or from Alexandria to Rome, or even on a Mediterranean tour. For convenient reference, these sundials incorporated lists of twenty to thirty names of cities or regions, each with its specific latitude. One of the insights of Roman Portable Sundials is that the choice of locations offers unique clues to the mental world-map and self-identity of individuals able to visualize Rome's vast empire latitudinally.

Lire la suite...

P. Ponchon, Thucydide philosophe. La raison tragique dans l'histoire

Envoyer Imprimer


Pierre Ponchon, Thucydide philosophe. La raison tragique dans l'histoire, Grenoble, 2017.

Éditeur : Jérôme Millon
Collection : Horos
416 pages
ISBN : 978-2-84137-329-1

Dans la tradition occidentale, Thucydide (environ 460-400 av. J.-C.) représente le modèle de l'historien et La Guerre du Péloponnèse le premier livre d'histoire scientifique. Pourtant, replacé dans la constellation des savoirs préplatoniciens dont il est issu, il apparaît que l'ouvrage ne vise pas à fonder la science historique, mais plutôt à réaliser un vaste projet philosophique d'un type nouveau. En effet, bien qu'il procède presque exclusivement par le biais du récit et de la rhétorique, Thucydide a bien pour ambition de délivrer un savoir universel sur l'histoire et les affaires humaines. Non seulement il est le premier à produire pour elle-même une philosophie pleinement politique, mais il l'adosse à une véritable approche anthropologique et sociologique de l'action humaine, afin de dégager les principes à l'œuvre dans l'histoire. Ce faisant, d'une part, il inaugure une proposition philosophique originale et singulière dans l'Antiquité, celle du réalisme politique qui privilégie la question du pouvoir et de la puissance et dont les successeurs seraient à chercher plutôt du côté de Machiavel ou de Hobbes que de Platon ou d'Aristote. Mais, d'autre part, seul parmi les penseurs de l'époque classique, il développe une véritable philosophie de l'histoire.

Lire la suite...

B. Delignon, N. Dauvois et L. Cottegnies (dir.), L'Invention de la vie privée et le modèle d'Horace

Envoyer Imprimer


Bénédicte Delignon, Nathalie Dauvois, Line Cottegnies (dir.), L'Invention de la vie privée et le modèle d'Horace, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : Classiques Garnier
Collection : Rencontres
477 pages pages
ISBN : 978-2-406-05913-4
32 €

S'il n'a pas inventé la vie privée, Horace a offert aux écrivains de la première modernité divers modes et formes d'expression pour penser le rapport complexe du privé au public à l'époque de bouleversements religieux, politique et épistémologique qui est la leur.


Source : Classiques Garnier


C. Higbie, Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World. Object Lessons

Envoyer Imprimer


Carolyn Higbie, Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World. Object Lessons, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
304 pages
ISBN : 9780198759300
65 £

Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World
focuses on the fascination which works of art, texts, and antiquarian objects inspired in Greeks and Romans in antiquity and draws parallels with other cultures and eras to offer contexts for understanding that fascination. Statues, bronze weapons, books, and bones might have been prized for various reasons: because they had religious value, were the work of highly regarded artists and writers, had been possessed by famous mythological figures, or were relics of a long disappeared past. However, attitudes towards these objects also changed over time: sculpture which was originally created for a religious purpose became valuable as art and could be removed from its original setting, while historians discovered value in inscriptions and other texts for supporting historical arguments and literary scholars sought early manuscripts to establish what authors really wrote. As early as the Hellenistic era, some Greeks and Romans began to collect objects and might even display them in palaces, villas, or gardens; as these objects acquired value, a demand was created for more of them, and so copyists and forgers created additional pieces - while copyists imitated existing pieces of art, sometimes adapting to their new settings, forgers created new pieces to complete a collection, fill a gap in historical knowledge, make some money, or to indulge in literary play with knowledgeable readers. The study of forged relics is able to reveal not only what artefacts the Greeks and Romans placed value on, but also what they believed they understood about their past and how they interpreted the evidence for it. Drawing on the latest scholarship on forgery and fakes, as well as a range of examples, this book combines stories about frauds with an analysis of their significance, and illuminates and explores the link between collectors, scholars, and forgers in order to offer us a way to better understand the power that objects held over the ancient Greeks and Romans.

Lire la suite...

Page 2 sur 72

Inscription à la lettre d'informations

Recevoir du HTML ?