K. Blouin, Triangular Landscapes

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Katherine Blouin, Triangular Landscapes. Environment, Society, and the State in the Nile Delta under Roman Rule, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Oxford Studies on the Roman Economy
464 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-968872-2
£ 80.00

Between the Roman annexation of Egypt and the Arab period, the Nile Delta went from consisting of seven branches to two, namely the current Rosetta and Damietta branches. For historians, this may look like a slow process, but on a geomorphological scale, it is a rather fast one. How did it happen? How did human action contribute to the phenomenon? Why did it start around the Roman period? And how did it impact on ancient Deltaic communities? This volume reflects on these questions by focusing on a district of the north-eastern Delta called the Mendesian Nome.
The Mendesian Nome is one of the very few Deltaic zones documented by a significant number of papyri. To date, this documentation has never been subject to a comprehensive study. Yet it provides us with a wealth of information on the region's landscape, administrative geography, and agrarian economy. Starting from these papyri and from all available evidence, this volume investigates the complex networks of relationships between Mendesian environments, socio-economic dynamics, and agro-fiscal policies. Ultimately, it poses the question of the 'otherness' of the Nile Delta, within Egypt and, more broadly, the Roman Empire. Section I sets the broader hydrological, documentary, and historical contexts from which the Roman-period Mendesian evidence stem. Section II is dedicated to the reconstruction of the Mendesian landscape, while section III examines the strategies of diversification and the modes of valorization of marginal land attested in the nome. Finally, section IV analyses the socio-environmental crisis that affected the nome in the second half of the second century AD.


Source : Oxford University Press


I. J. F. de Jong, Narratology and Classics. A Practical Guide

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Irene J. F. de Jong, Narratology and Classics. A Practical Guide, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
240 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-968869-2
£ 55.00

Narrative is an important element in our daily life and the novel is arguably the most popular genre of our times. The theory of narrative or narratology, which was developed in the 1960s, has helped us towards a better understanding of the how and why of narrative. Narratology and Classics is the first introduction to narratology that deals specifically with classical narrative: epic, historiography, biography, the ancient novel, but also the many narratives inserted in drama or lyric.
The first part of the volume sketches the rise of narratology, and defines key narratological terms, illustrated with examples from both modern novels and Greek and Latin texts. Among the topics discussed are the identity of the role of narrator and narratees, tales within tales, metalepsis, temporal devices such as prolepsis and analepsis, retardation and acceleration, repetition and gaps, focalisation, and the thematic, symbolic, or characterising functions of space. The second part of the volume offers three close readings of famous classical texts and shows how the interpretation of these texts can be enriched by the use of narratology.
The aim of this practical guide is to initiate its readers quickly into a literary theory that has established itself as a powerful new instrument in the classicist's toolkit. All concepts are clearly defined and illustrated from Greek and Latin texts, and detailed bibliographies at the end of each chapter point the way to theoretical studies and to further narratological studies of classical texts.

Source : Oxford University Press


C. V. Trinacty, Senecan Tragedy and the Reception of Augustan Poetry

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Christopher V. Trinacty, Senecan Tragedy and the Reception of Augustan Poetry, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
272 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-935656-0
£ 47.99

In their practice of aemulatio, the mimicry of older models of writing, the Augustan poets often looked to the Greeks: Horace drew inspiration from the lyric poets, Virgil from Homer, and Ovid from Hesiod, Callimachus, and others. But by the time of the great Roman tragedian Seneca, the Augustan poets had supplanted the Greeks as the "classics" to which Seneca and his contemporaries referred. Indeed, Augustan poetry is a reservoir of language, motif, and thought for Seneca's writing. Strangely, however, there has not yet been a comprehensive study revealing the relationship between Seneca and his Augustan predecessors. Christopher Trinacty's Senecan Tragedy and the Reception of Augustan Poetry is the long-awaited answer to the call for such a study.
Senecan Tragedy and the Reception of Augustan Poetry uniquely places Senecan tragedy in its Roman literary context, offering a further dimension to the motivations and meaning behind Seneca's writings. By reading Senecan tragedy through an intertextual lens, Trinacty reveals Seneca's awareness of his historical moment, in which the Augustan period was eroding steadily around him. Seneca, looking back to the poetry of Horace, Virgil, and Ovid, acts as a critical interpreter of both their work and their era. He deconstructs the language of the Augustan poets, refiguring it through the perspective of his tragic protagonists. In doing so, he positions himself as a critic of the Augustan tradition and reveals a poetic voice that often subverts the classical ethos of that tradition. Through this process of reappropriation Seneca reveals much about himself as a playwright and as a man: In the inventive manner in which he re-employs the Augustan poets' language, thought, and poetics within the tragic framework, Seneca gives his model works new—and uniquely Senecan—life.
Trinacty's analysis sheds new light both on Seneca and on his Augustan predecessors. As such, Senecan Tragedy and the Reception of Augustan Poetry promises to be a groundbreaking contribution to the study of both Senecan tragedy and Augustan poetry.

Source : Oxford University Press


J. Rüpke, From Jupiter to Christ. On the History of Religion in the Roman Imperial Period

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Jörg Rüpke, From Jupiter to Christ. On the History of Religion in the Roman Imperial Period, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
336 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-870372-3
£ 65.00


The history of Roman imperial religion is of fundamental importance to the history of religion in Europe. Emerging from a decade of research, From Jupiter to Christ demonstrates that the decisive change within the Roman imperial period was not a growing number of religions or changes in their ranking and success, but a modification of the idea of 'religion' and a change in the social place of religious practices and beliefs. Religion is shown to be transformed from a medium serving the individual necessities - dealing with human contingencies like sickness, insecurity, and death - and a medium serving the public formation of political identity, into an encompassing system of ways of life, group identities, and political legitimation.
Instead of offering an encyclopaedic presentation of religious beliefs, symbols, and practices throughout the period, the volume thematically presents the media that manifested and diffused religion (institutions, texts, and law), and analyses representative cases. It asks how religion changed in processes of diffusion and immigration, how fast (or how slow) practices and institutions were appropriated and modified, and reveals how these changes made Roman religion 'exportable', creating those forms of intellectualisation and enscripturation which made religion an autonomous area, different from other social fields.

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R. Waterfield, Taken at the Flood. The Roman Conquest of Greece

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Robin Waterfield, Taken at the Flood. The Roman Conquest of Greece, Oxford, 2014.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
320 pages
ISBN : 978-0-19-965646-2
£ 20.00

The Romans first set military foot on Greek soil in 229 BCE; only sixty or so years later it was all over, and shortly thereafter Greece became one of the first provinces of the emerging Roman Empire. It was an incredible journey - a swift, brutal, and determined conquest of the land to whose art, philosophy, and culture the Romans owed so much.
Rome found the eastern Mediterranean divided, in an unstable balance of power, between three great kingdoms - the three Hellenistic kingdoms that had survived and flourished after the wars of Alexander the Great's Successors: Macedon, Egypt, and Syria. Internal troubles took Egypt more or less out of the picture, but the other two were reduced by Rome. Having established itself, by its defeat of Carthage, as the sole superpower in the western Mediterranean, Rome then systematically went about doing the same in the east, until the entire Mediterranean was under her control.
Apart from the thrilling military action, the story of the Roman conquest of Greece is central to the story of Rome itself and the empire it created. As Robin Waterfield shows, the Romans developed a highly sophisticated method of dominance by remote control over the Greeks of the eastern Mediterranean - the cheap option of using authority and diplomacy to keep order rather than standing armies. And it is a story that raises a number of fascinating questions about Rome, her empire, and her civilization. For instance, to what extent was the Roman conquest a planned and deliberate policy? What was it about Roman culture that gave it such a will for conquest? And what was the effect on Roman intellectual and artistic culture, on their very identity, of their entanglement with an older Greek civilization, which the Romans themselves recognized as supreme?

Source : Oxford University Press.


A. Crivăţ, Erudición y literatura en la edad media

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Anca Crivăţ, Erudición y literatura en la edad media, Bucarest, 2014.

Éditeur : Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti
Collection : Romanica, 21
164 pages
ISBN : 978-606-16-04999-9
26 lei

Índice: I. Enciclopedismo y mirabilia: 1. Tipología y funciones de los mirabilia en las enciclopedias latinas medievales. 2. Lo monstruoso en las Etimologías de San Isidoro de Sevilla. 3. Lo maravilloso en las Etimologías de San Isidoro de Sevilla. 4. San Isidoro de Sevilla y los mirabilia de Solino. 5. Las aves de Diomedes – mitología, historia natural y lectura alegórica. 6. Los Otia imperialia de Gervaiso de Tilbury – una enciclopedia de mirabilia. 7. La crisis del modelo enciclopédico en el Jardín de flores curiosas de Antonio de Torquemada. II. Espacios reales y espacios virtuales en la Edad Media: 1. Espacio y geografía en las Etimologías de San Isidoro de Sevilla. 2. Semejóli que vido…: experiencias onírico-visionarias en textos clericales del siglo XIII. 3. Los viajeros medievales y las lenguas del otro. 4. Los viajeros medievales y las creencias religiosas del otro. Bibliografía.

Source : Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti


B. Bischoff, Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts. Teil III: Padua-Zwickau

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Bernhard Bischoff, Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der wisigotischen). Teil III: Padua-Zwickau. Aus dem Nachlass herausgegeben von Birgit Ebersperger, Wiesbaden, 2014.

Éditeur : Harrassowitz Verlag
XXIV-628 pages
ISBN : 978-3-447-10056-4
168 €

Der als Ergebnis jahrzehntelanger Forschungsarbeit von dem Paläografen und langjährigen Münchener Lehrstuhlinhaber für mittellateinische Philologie Bernhard Bischoff verfasste Katalog der festländischen Handschriften verzeichnet die erhaltenen Handschriften und Fragmente des 9. Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der insularen und der westgotischen). Diese für die Überlieferung der klassischen und patristischen Literatur so bedeutende Epoche war auch für die Schriftentwicklung besonders fruchtbar.
Der dritte Teil des aus dem Nachlass herausgegebenen Kataloges umfasst die in den Bibliotheksorten Padua bis Zwickau aufbewahrten Handschriften und Fragmente. Die insgesamt fast 4000 Katalogeinträge enthalten zum Teil Beschreibungen der Handschrift, des Schriftstils und der Dekoration, Angaben zu Inhalt, Datierung, Herkunft und mittelalterlicher Provenienz (soweit bekannt) sowie weiterführende Literaturhinweise; andere bieten Kurzkatalogisate mit Einschätzungen Bischoffs zu Herkunft und Datierung. Der vollständige Katalog ermöglicht nun einen Gesamtüberblick über die erhaltenen Handschriften des 9. Jahrhunderts und eröffnet neue Erkenntnisse über Buchproduktion und Schriftentwicklung in bereits bekannten wie auch bislang unbehandelten Skriptorien.
Ein abschließender Registerband zu den Katalogbänden ist bereits in Vorbereitung.

Source : Harrassowitz Verlag


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