A. Corbeill, Sexing the World: Grammatical Gender and Biological Sex in Ancient Rome

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A. Corbeill, Sexing the World: Grammatical Gender and Biological Sex in Ancient Rome, Princeton, 2014.

Éditeur : Princeton University Press
216 pages
ISBN : 9780691163222

From the moment a child in ancient Rome began to speak Latin, the surrounding world became populated with objects possessing grammatical gender—masculine eyes (oculi), feminine trees (arbores), neuter bodies (corpora). Sexing the World surveys the many ways in which grammatical gender enabled Latin speakers to organize aspects of their society into sexual categories, and how this identification of grammatical gender with biological sex affected Roman perceptions of Latin poetry, divine power, and the human hermaphrodite.

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Daniel Barbu, Philippe Borgeaud, Mélanie Lozat, Nicolas Meylan et Anne-Caroline Rendu Loisel, Le savoir des religions. Fragments d'historiographie religieuse

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Daniel Barbu, Philippe Borgeaud, Mélanie Lozat, Nicolas Meylan et Anne-Caroline Rendu Loisel (éd.), Le savoir des religions. Fragments d'historiographie religieuse, Gollion, 2014.

Éditeur : Infolio
560 pages
ISBN : 9782884748148
35 CHF

L'histoire des religions ne saurait se passer d'une réflexion préalable sur ses propres conditions d'élaboration. Qu'est-ce qu'un « savoir religieux », qu'est-ce qu'un savoir « sur le religieux », en quoi et comment se distinguent-ils l'un de l'autre ? Ce livre est issu d'une série de recherches et d'enquêtes portant sur des horizons historiques et culturels contrastés. Il montre comment un scribe mésopotamien, un philosophe grec, un clerc bouddhiste, un égyptologue contemporain, un historien des religions, etc, élaborent leurs savoirs, comment ces savoirs se transforment et se perpétuent, quelles fonctions ils remplissent, qui les met en œuvre, où et comment ils s'enracinent, pourquoi ils meurent.

Source : Infolio


T. Stevenson, Julius Caesar and the Transformation of the Roman Republic

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Tom Stevenson, Julius Caesar and the Transformation of the Roman Republic, 2015.

Éditeur :
224 pages
ISBN : 978-1-13-880821-8
25,99 £

Julius Caesar and the Transformation of the Roman Republic provides an accessible introduction to Caesar's life and public career. It outlines the main phases of his career with reference to prominent social and political concepts of the time. This approach helps to explain his aims, ideals, and motives as rooted in tradition, and demonstrates that Caesar's rise to power owed much to broad historical processes of the late Republican period, a view that contrasts with the long-held idea that he sought to become Rome's king from an early age. This is an essential undergraduate introduction to this fascinating figure, and to his role in the transformation of Rome from republic to empire.


Source : Routledge


Th. S. Thorsen, Ovid's Early Poetry From his Single Heroides to his Remedia Amoris

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Thea S. Thorsen, Ovid's Early Poetry From his Single Heroides to his Remedia Amoris, Cambridge, 2014.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
235 pages
ISBN : 9781107040410
135 $

Ovid is one of the greatest poets in the Classical tradition and Western literature. This book represents the most comprehensive study to date of his early output as a unified literary production. Firstly, the book proposes new ways of organising this part of Ovid's poetic career, the chronology of which is notoriously difficult to establish. Next, by combining textual criticism with issues relating to manuscript transmission, the book decisively counters arguments levelled against the authenticity of Heroides 15, which consequently allows for a revaluation of Ovid's early output. Furthermore, by focusing on the literary device of allusion, the book stresses the importance of Ovid's single Heroides 1-15 in relationship with his Amores I-III, Ars amatoria I-III and Remedia amoris. Finally, the book identifies three kinds of Ovidian poetics that are found in his early poetry and that point towards the works of myth and exile that followed in his later career.


Source : Cambridge University Press


Ed. J. Watts, The Final Pagan Generation

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Edward J. Watts, The Final Pagan Generation, Berkeley-Los Angeles, 2015.

Éditeur : University of California Press
344 pages
ISBN : 9780520283701
34.95 $

The Final Pagan Generation recounts the fascinating story of the lives and fortunes of the last Romans born before the Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity. Edward J. Watts traces their experiences of living through the fourth century's dramatic religious and political changes, when heated confrontations saw the Christian establishment legislate against pagan practices as mobs attacked pagan holy sites and temples. The emperors who issued these laws, the imperial officials charged with implementing them, and the Christian perpetrators of religious violence were almost exclusively young men whose attitudes and actions contrasted markedly with those of the earlier generation, who shared neither their juniors' interest in creating sharply defined religious identities nor their propensity for violent conflict. Watts examines why the "final pagan generation"—born to the old ways and the old world in which it seemed to everyone that religious practices would continue as they had for the past two thousand years—proved both unable to anticipate the changes that imperially sponsored Christianity produced and unwilling to resist them. A compelling and provocative read, suitable for the general reader as well as students and scholars of the ancient world.


Source : University of California Press


S. Dubel et S. Gotteland (dir.), Formes et genres du dialogue antique

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Sandrine Dubel et Sophie Gotteland (dir.), Formes et genres du dialogue antique, Bordeaux, 2015.

Éditeur : Ausonius Éditions
Collection : Scripta antiqua
400 pages
ISBN : 978-2-35613-126-3
25 €

Entendu comme œuvre littéraire, le dialogue est une invention des cercles socratiques de l'Athènes du ive siècle. Malgré des éclipses, cette forme dramatique en prose, théorisée par la rhétorique hellénistique, est dotée d'une remarquable diachronie.
Ce volume propose un parcours de la diversité des formes et des pratiques du dialogue dans l'Antiquité, depuis le modèle fondateur platonicien jusqu'à sa redéfinition en termes spécifiquement romains par Cicéron, “l'autre” modèle de la Renaissance. L'enquête se poursuit avec les nouvelles synthèses nées de l'effervescence de l'époque impériale (Athénée, Lucien). Mais le dialogue est aussi une modalité discursive ou séquence textuelle particulière. Cet ouvrage s'emploie à en explorer plusieurs formes ou figures, qu'il s'agisse d'entretiens rapportés chez Hérodote, d'échanges fictifs insérés dans un discours chez Démosthène, ou de dialogues avec les Anciens que l'on trouve chez Platon, Plutarque ou Clément d'Alexandrie.

This volume aims to explore the diversity of forms and practices of the ancient dialogue as a genre. As a literary work in its own right, a prose drama, the dialogue was first invented in the Socratic circles of 4th century Athens. The practice was not really theorized before the Hellenistic rhetoricians, but the genre displays a consistent diachrony despite some moments of eclipses. We study here its main transformations in ancient times: the Platonic founding model, its redefinition in specifically Roman terms by Cicero, the “other” model of the Renaissance, and later by Tacitus, and the new syntheses arising out of the effervescence of the imperial period (Athenaeus, Lucian). But the dialogue is also a discursive modality or a specific textual sequence, which this book seeks to explore in its several forms or set figures: narrative strategy for Herodotus' reported speeches; fictions of conversations interrupting the speech in Demosthenes; dialogue with the classics in Plato, Plutarch, and Clement of Alexandria.


Source : Ausonius éditions


C. Addey, Divination and Theurgy in Neoplatonism. Oracles of the Gods

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C. Addey, Divination and Theurgy in Neoplatonism. Oracles of the Gods, Farnham, 2014.

Éditeur : Ashgate
Collection : Ashgate Studies in Philosophy and Theology in Late Antiquity
352 pages
ISBN : 978-1-4094-5152-5

Why did ancient philosophers consult oracles, write about them, and consider them to be an important part of philosophical thought and practice? This book explores the extensive links between oracles and philosophy in Late Antiquity, particularly focusing on the roles of oracles and other forms of divination in third and fourth century CE Neoplatonism. Examining some of the most significant debates between pagan philosophers and Christian intellectuals on the nature of oracles as a central yet contested element of religious tradition, Addey focuses particularly on Porphyry's Philosophy from Oracles and Iamblichus' De Mysteriis - two works which deal extensively with oracles and other forms of divination.

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